Open main menu

Wiktionary β

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
A modern style of sconce.
 
An older style of sconce.

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English sconce, skonce, sconse, from Old French esconce (lantern), from Latin absconsus (hidden), perfect passive participle of abscondō (hide).[1][2] Cognate with abscond.

NounEdit

sconce (plural sconces)

  1. A light fixture.
    • Evelyn
      tapers put into lanterns or sconces of several-coloured, oiled paper, that the wind might not annoy them
    • Dryden
      Golden sconces hang not on the walls.
  2. A head or a skull.
    • Shakespeare
      to knock him about the sconce with a dirty shovel
  3. A poll tax; a mulct or fine.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Johnson to this entry?)
  4. A piece of armour for the head; headpiece; helmet.
    • Shakespeare
      I must get a sconce for my head.

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

sconce (third-person singular simple present sconces, present participle sconcing, simple past and past participle sconced)

  1. (obsolete) to impose a fine, a forfeit, or a mulct.

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Middle Dutch schans, cognate with German Schanze.[2]

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

sconce (plural sconces)

  1. A type of small fort or other fortification, especially as built to defend a pass or ford.
    • Milton
      No sconce or fortress of his raising was ever known either to have been forced, or yielded up, or quitted.
  2. (obsolete) A hut for protection and shelter; a stall.
    • Beaumont and Fletcher
      one that [] must raise a sconce by the highway and sell switches
  3. The circular tube, with a brim, in a candlestick, into which the candle is inserted.
  4. (architecture) A squinch.
  5. A fragment of a floe of ice.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Kane to this entry?)
  6. A fixed seat or shelf.
Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

sconce (third-person singular simple present sconces, present participle sconcing, simple past and past participle sconced)

  1. (obsolete) to shut within a sconce; to imprison.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition
  2. 2.0 2.1 ensconce The Lexiteria & alphaDictionary

Further readingEdit