From Middle English is, from Old English īs, from Proto-Germanic *īsą (compare West Frisian iis, Dutch ijs, Low Saxon (Low German) Ies, German Eis, Danish and Swedish is), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eiH- (compare Lithuanian ýnis (glazed frost), Russian иней (ínej, hoarfrost), Ossetian их (ix), ех (ex, ice), Persian یخ (yax)).



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ice (countable and uncountable, plural ices)

  1. (uncountable) Water in frozen (solid) form.
    • 1882, Popular Science Monthly Volume 20, The Freezing of a Salt Lake
      It seems that in this lake (Kupalnoze) there is such a diffusion of salt toward the lower stratum of water, even before the freezing begins, otherwise it would be difficult to explain how colder water might remain on the surface, were it not for the greater amount of salt in the lower strata. It has always been difficult to explain how ice is formed on the surface of oceans while the temperature of maximum density is lower than that of cogelation, and the observations on this lake were instituted in the hope that they might throw light upon the subject. The lake, however, contains too much salt to afford a sure standard of comparison with oceanic water.
    • 2013 May 11, “The climate of Tibet: Pole-land”, The Economist, volume 407, number 8835, page 80: 
      Of all the transitions brought about on the Earth’s surface by temperature change, the melting of ice into water is the starkest. It is binary. And for the land beneath, the air above and the life around, it changes everything.
  2. (uncountable, physics, astronomy) Any frozen volatile chemical, such as ammonia or carbon dioxide.
  3. (uncountable, astronomy) Any volatile chemical, such as water, ammonia, or carbon dioxide, not necessarily in solid form.
  4. (countable) A frozen dessert made of fruit juice, water and sugar.
  5. (uncountable) Any substance having the appearance of ice.
  6. (uncountable, slang) One or more diamonds.
  7. (uncountable, slang, drugs) Crystal form of methamphetamine.
  8. (uncountable, ice hockey) The area where a game of ice hockey is played.
    • 2006, CBC, Finland, Sweden 'the dream final', February 26 2002,
      The neighbouring countries have enjoyed many great battles on the ice. They last met for gold at the 1998 world championship, won by Sweden. Three years earlier, Finland bested Sweden for the only world title in its history.

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ice (third-person singular simple present ices, present participle icing, simple past and past participle iced)

  1. To cool with ice, as a beverage.
  2. To become ice, to freeze.
  3. (slang): To murder.
  4. To cover with icing (frosting made of sugar and milk or white of egg); to frost; as cakes, tarts, etc.
  5. (ice hockey) To put out a team for a match.
    Milton Keynes have yet to ice a team this season
  6. (ice hockey) To shoot the puck the length of the playing surface, causing a stoppage in play called icing.
    If the Bruins ice the puck, the faceoff will be in their own zone.

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  1. second-person singular present active imperative of īciō




  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of izar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of izar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of izar.
Last modified on 1 April 2014, at 19:27