LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From scalpo, which has undergone apophony in compounds such as exsculpo.[1]

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

sculpō (present infinitive sculpere, perfect active sculpsī, supine sculptum); third conjugation, no passive

  1. I carve, chisel (in stone, metal, or wood)
  2. I fashion by sculpting, sculpt.

ConjugationEdit

This verb has only limited passive conjugation; only third-person passive forms are attested in surviving sources.

   Conjugation of sculpō (third conjugation, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sculpō sculpis sculpit sculpimus sculpitis sculpunt
imperfect sculpēbam sculpēbās sculpēbat sculpēbāmus sculpēbātis sculpēbant
future sculpam sculpēs sculpet sculpēmus sculpētis sculpent
perfect sculpsī sculpsistī sculpsit sculpsimus sculpsistis sculpsērunt, sculpsēre
pluperfect sculpseram sculpserās sculpserat sculpserāmus sculpserātis sculpserant
future perfect sculpserō sculpseris sculpserit sculpserimus sculpseritis sculpserint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sculpam sculpās sculpat sculpāmus sculpātis sculpant
imperfect sculperem sculperēs sculperet sculperēmus sculperētis sculperent
perfect sculpserim sculpserīs sculpserit sculpserīmus sculpserītis sculpserint
pluperfect sculpsissem sculpsissēs sculpsisset sculpsissēmus sculpsissētis sculpsissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sculpe sculpite
future sculpitō sculpitō sculpitōte sculpuntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives sculpere sculpsisse sculptūrum esse
participles sculpēns sculptūrus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
sculpendī sculpendō sculpendum sculpendō sculptum sculptū

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ernout A., Meillet A., Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue latine, 2001.