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See also: Est, EST, êst, ēst, -est, est., and Est.

Contents

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English este, from Old English ēst (will, consent, favour, grace, liberality, munificence, bounty, kindness, love, good pleasure, harmony, liberal gifts, luxuries), from Proto-Germanic *anstiz (favour, affection), from Proto-Indo-European *ān- (to notice; face, mouth). Cognate with Icelandic ást (affection, love), Dutch gunst (favour, grace, courtesy, privilege), German Gunst (favour, goodwill, boon), Danish yndest (favour), Swedish ynnest (favour, indulgence, grace). More at own.

NounEdit

est (usually uncountable, plural ests)

  1. (obsolete) Grace; favour.

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

AdjectiveEdit

est (not comparable)

  1. Abbreviation of established.
    • 2010, Julie Turjoman, Brave New Knits (page 49)
      Work sleeve, sl raglan marker, work in ribbing as est to cable marker

Alternative formsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Initialism.

NounEdit

est (uncountable)

  1. Erhard Seminars Training, a course intended to promote satisfaction with life in the present moment, as opposed to strivings to attain it.

Alternative formsEdit

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from French est, from Old English ēast.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

est m (uncountable)

  1. east
    a l'est del país
    in the east of the country

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

Cardinal directions (punt cardinal):

NO N NE
O   E
SO S SE
n-occ sept n-or
occ   or
s-occ mer s-or

Further readingEdit


DanishEdit

VerbEdit

est

  1. (archaic) present tense of være, second person singular (art)
    • 1812, Udvalgte danske Viser fra Middelalderen, page 19
      Om jeg end Engene hver Nat / I Sorgen maa betræde, / Din Magt den har mig altid fat, / Dog du est ej tilstede: ...
      Even if I, each night, the meadows / Had to walk upon, mourningly, / Your power always has its grip on me, / Though thou art not present: ...
    • 1863, Ludvig baron Holberg, Frederik Ludvig LIEBENBERG, Vilhelm MARSTRAND, Ludvig Holbergs Peder Paars, udgivet for det Holbergske Samfund af F. L. Liebenberg, page 152
      Jeg nesten gietter hvad til saadant dig har dreven: / Du est vist uden Tvivl for Døden bange bleven. / Rak, giør Dig reede strax, paa Rejsen dig begiv, / Kald Folket sammen; see, du redde kand dit Liv!
      I can sort of guess what has driven you to such things: / Undoubtedly, you art become frightened of death. / Rabble, prepare yourself straight away, commence the journey, / Call together the people; see, you can save your life!

FrenchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old French, from Old English ēast.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

est m, f (invariable)

  1. east

NounEdit

est m (plural est)

  1. east

SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin est, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

est

  1. third-person singular present indicative of être
Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit

Further readingEdit


HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the word esik.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

est (plural estek)

  1. evening, eve
  2. recital, party

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative est estek
accusative estet esteket
dative estnek esteknek
instrumental esttel estekkel
causal-final estért estekért
translative estté estekké
terminative estig estekig
essive-formal estként estekként
essive-modal
inessive estben estekben
superessive esten esteken
adessive estnél esteknél
illative estbe estekbe
sublative estre estekre
allative esthez estekhez
elative estből estekből
delative estről estekről
ablative esttől estektől
Possessive forms of est
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. estem estjeim
2nd person sing. ested estjeid
3rd person sing. estje estjei
1st person plural estünk estjeink
2nd person plural estetek estjeitek
3rd person plural estjük estjeik

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from French est, from Old English ēast.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

est m (invariable)

  1. east

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti. Cognate with Sanskrit अस्ति (ásti), Ancient Greek ἐστί (estí), Old Persian 𐎠𐎿𐎫𐎡𐎹 (astiy), Hittite 𒂊𒌍𒍣 (ēszi), Old Church Slavonic єстъ (estŭ), Gothic 𐌹𐍃𐍄 (ist).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

est

  1. third-person singular present active indicative of sum
    Marcus agricola est."Marcus is a farmer."
    Est senex."He is old."
    Est puella in vīllā."There is a girl in the villa."
QuotationsEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Asturian: ye
  • Catalan: és
  • French: est
  • Galician: é
  • Italian: è
  • Portuguese: é
  • Romanian: este, e
  • Sardinian: est
  • Spanish: es

Etymology 2Edit

Form of the verb edō (I eat). Cognate with Russian есть (jestʹ).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ēst

  1. third-person singular present active indicative of edō
SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • est in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers

Middle FrenchEdit

NormanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • êt (continental Normandy)
  • êst (Jersey)

EtymologyEdit

From Old French, from Old English ēast.

NounEdit

est m (uncountable)

  1. (Guernsey, Sark) east

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *anstiz (grace, thanks), derivative of Proto-Germanic *unnaną (to grant, thank), from Proto-Indo-European *ān- (to notice; face, mouth). Cognate with Old Saxon anst (grace, favour), Old High German anst (goodwill, benevolence, thanks, grace), Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐍃𐍄𐍃 (ansts, joy, grace, thankfulness). Related to Old English unnan (to grant, allow). More at own.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ēst m, f (nominative plural ēste)

  1. consent, grace, favor; kindness
  2. pleasure

DeclensionEdit

  • Masculine
  • Feminine

SynonymsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

est

  1. third-person singular present indicative of estre

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from French est, from Old English ēast.

NounEdit

est n (uncountable)

  1. east

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit


SardinianEdit

SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

est c

  1. Estonian; a person from Estonia

DeclensionEdit

Declension of est 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative est esten ester esterna
Genitive ests estens esters esternas

See alsoEdit


WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

est

  1. (colloquial) second-person singular preterite of mynd

SynonymsEdit