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Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English schroud, from Old English scrūd, from Proto-Germanic *skrūdą. Cognate with Old Norse skrúð (the shrouds of a ship) ( > Danish, Norwegian skrud (splendid attire)).


shroud (plural shrouds)

  1. That which clothes, covers, conceals, or protects; a garment.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Sandys
      swaddled, as new born, in sable shrouds
    • 2019 April 25, Samanth Subramanian, “Hand dryers v paper towels: the surprisingly dirty fight for the right to dry your hands”, in The Guardian[1]:
      Every time we came a research area, we had to pause while the scientists threw grey shrouds over prototypes that I wasn’t to see.
  2. Especially, the dress for the dead; a winding sheet.
  3. That which covers or shelters like a shroud.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Byron
      Jura answers through her misty shroud.
  4. A covered place used as a retreat or shelter, as a cave or den; also, a vault or crypt.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Chapman
      The shroud to which he won / His fair-eyed oxen.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Withals
      a vault, or shroud, as under a church
  5. (nautical) A rope or cable serving to support the mast sideways.
  6. One of the two annular plates at the periphery of a water wheel, which form the sides of the buckets; a shroud plate.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English schrouden (> Anglo-Latin scrudāre), from Middle English schroud (shroud) (see above).


shroud (third-person singular simple present shrouds, present participle shrouding, simple past and past participle shrouded)

  1. To cover with a shroud.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Francis Bacon
      The ancient Egyptian mummies were shrouded in a number of folds of linen besmeared with gums.
  2. To conceal or hide from view, as if by a shroud.
    The details of the plot were shrouded in mystery.
    The truth behind their weekend retreat was shrouded in obscurity.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Sir Walter Raleigh
      One of these trees, with all his young ones, may shroud four hundred horsemen.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Dryden
      Some tempest rise, / And blow out all the stars that light the skies, / To shroud my shame.
  3. To take shelter or harbour.
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Milton
      If your stray attendance be yet lodged, / Or shroud within these limits.

Etymology 3Edit

Variant of shred.


shroud (plural shrouds)

  1. The branching top of a tree; foliage.
    • 1611, King James Bible, “xxxi.iii”, in Ezekiel[2], Barker edition:
      Behold, the Assyrian was a Cedar in Lebanon with faire branches, and with a shadowing shrowd, and of an hie stature, and his top was among the thicke boughes.