From Middle English rope, rape, from Old English rāp (“rope, cord, cable”), from Proto-Germanic *raipaz, *raipą (“rope, cord, band, ringlet”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁roypnós (“strap, band, rope”), from *h₁reyp- (“to peel off, tear; border, edge, strip”). Cognate with Scots rape, raip (“rope”), Saterland Frisian Roop (“rope”), West Frisian reap (“rope, cord”), Dutch roop, reep (“rope, cord, ring, strip, bar”), German Low German Reep (“rope”), Swedish rep (“rope”), Icelandic reipi (“rope”), Albanian rrip (“belt, rope”).
- (UK) enPR: rōp, IPA(key): /ɹəʊp/
- (US) enPR: rōp, IPA(key): /ɹoʊp/
Audio (US) (file) Audio (file)
- Rhymes: -əʊp
- (uncountable) Thick strings, yarn, monofilaments, metal wires, or strands of other cordage that are twisted together to form a stronger line.
- Nylon rope is usually stronger than similar rope made of plant fibers.
- (countable) An individual length of such material.
- The swinging bridge is constructed of 40 logs and 30 ropes.
- A cohesive strand of something.
- The duchess wore a rope of pearls to the soirée.
- (dated) A continuous stream.
- 1852, John Bourne, A Treatise on the Screw Propeller: With Various Suggestions of Improvement, page 38:
- The principle of any such device should be to pull on the vessel by a rope of water passing in at the bow and out at the stern.
- (baseball) A hard line drive.
- He hit a rope past third and into the corner.
- (ceramics) A long thin segment of soft clay, either extruded or formed by hand.
- (computer science) A data structure resembling a string, using a concatenation tree in which each leaf represents a character.
- (Jainism) A unit of distance equivalent to the distance covered in six months by a god flying at ten million miles per second.
- (jewelry) A necklace of at least 1 meter in length.
- (nautical) Cordage of at least 1 inch in diameter, or a length of such cordage.
- (archaic) A unit of length equal to 20 feet.
- (slang) Flunitrazepam, also known as Rohypnol.
- (slang, vulgar) A shot of semen that a man releases during ejaculation.
- (in the plural) The small intestines.
- the ropes of birds
- (thick string): twine, line, cord; see also Thesaurus:string
- (unit of cosmic distance): rajju, infinitude
- dog rope
- give one enough rope
- jump rope
- know the ropes
- learn the ropes
- money for old rope
- on the ropes
- picket rope
- rope ladder
- Rope Monday
- rope tow
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- (transitive) To tie (something) with rope.
- The robber roped the victims.
- (transitive) To throw a rope (or something similar, e.g. a lasso, cable, wire, etc.) around (something).
- The cowboy roped the calf.
- (intransitive) To be formed into rope; to draw out or extend into a filament or thread.
- 1599, William Shakespeare, “The Life of Henry the Fift”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene v]:
- Let us not hang like roping icicles / Upon our houses' thatch.
- (slang, intransitive) To commit suicide.
- My life is a mess; I might as well rope.
- (The addition of quotations indicative of this usage is being sought):
- to shout
- “rope” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
- Alternative form of