See also: Silva and silvă

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin silva. Doublet of selva.

NounEdit

silva (uncountable)

  1. (forestry) The forest trees of a particular area
    • 1909, Willis Linn Jepson, The Trees of California, page 13:
      The most interesting and striking features of the silva of California relate to its composition, the geographical distribution of the species and their biological history.

Alternative formsEdit

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


GalicianEdit

 
Silvas

EtymologyEdit

From Old Galician/Old Portuguese silva, from Latin silva (forest).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

silva f (plural silvas)

  1. bramble, blackberry bush
    • 1460, José Antonio Souto Cabo (ed.), Crónica de Santa María de Íria. Santiago: Ediciós do Castro, page 101:
      vijã grande[s] lumes de candeas arder de noyte et de dia en huũ monte muy espeso de muytas aruores et siluas, a oyto mjlias de Yria
      they saw large candle fires, burning day and night, in a very close forest, of trees and bambles, eight milles from Iria
    • 1884, Marcial Valladares Núñez, Diccionario gallego-castellano, s.v. silva:
      Tente, silva; non me prendas, que n'estou n'a miña tèrra (traditional song)
      Hold yourself, bramble, don't catch me, 'cos I'm not in my country
  2. (archaic) forest

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • silua” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • silua” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • silva” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • silva” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • silva” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *sel-, *swel- (firewood, wood, beam, board, frame, threshold). Cognate with Ancient Greek ὕλη (húlē, wood, timber) and Old English syl (sill, threshold, foundation).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

silva f (genitive silvae); first declension

  1. wood, forest
  2. orchard, grove

DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative silva silvae
Genitive silvae silvārum
Dative silvae silvīs
Accusative silvam silvās
Ablative silvā silvīs
Vocative silva silvae

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Asturian: selva, silva
  • Catalan: selva
  • English: silva, sylva
  • French: sylve
  • Padanian:
  • Galician: silva

ReferencesEdit

  • silva”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • silva”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • silva in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • silva in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • wooded hills: montes vestiti silvis

PortugueseEdit

 
silvas

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈsiw.vɐ/ [ˈsiʊ̯.vɐ]
    • (Southern Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈsiw.va/ [ˈsiʊ̯.va]

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Portuguese silva, from Latin silva, from Proto-Indo-European *swel-, *sel- (mountain, ridge, forest). Compare the doublet selva and Galician silva.

The /i/ is puzzling. Philologist Leite de Vasconcelos felt that the word was not a Latinism and conjectured a term spīna *silvea with the same suffix as ligneus and pīneus, where the close post-tonic vowel would cause the stressed vowel to rise, as in marisma and sirgo[1].

NounEdit

silva f (plural silvas)

  1. bramble (any of various thorny shrubs, especially those in the family Rubus)
    Synonyms: espinheiro, sarça
  2. (in particular) blackberry (Rubus fruticosus)
    Synonyms: amoreira, amora-silvestre, amoreira-silvestre

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

silva

  1. inflection of silvar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1920, Leite de Vasconcellos, Revista Lusitana, volume 23, page 188

RomanianEdit

NounEdit

silva f

  1. definite singular nominative of silvă