Contents

LatvianEdit

 
Starp (1)
 
Starp (2)

EtymologyEdit

From starpa(interval, gap, area between) (q.v.), probably originally a reduced form of its locative form starpā, or perhaps of its old (16th- and 17th-century) illative form starpan, or of its instrumental form starpu.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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PrepositionEdit

starp ‎(with accusative)

  1. used to locate an object in the space defined by two others; between
    sēdēt starp tēvu un māti‎ ― to sit between father and mother
    starp viņiem atradās tikai Nora‎ ― between them was only Nora
    mežs starp upi un pilsētu‎ ― the forest between the river and the city
    galds atrodas starp skapi un logu‎ ― the table is situated between the cabinet and the window
    ieplaka starp divām augstienēm‎ ― a depression between two elevations
    skraidīt starp kūti un klēti‎ ― to run between the (granary) barn and the (animal) barn
    starp diviem punktiem var novilkt tikai vienu taisni‎ ― between two points (one) can draw only one straight line
  2. used to locate an object in a space defined by many others; among, amid
    sēdēt starp draugiem‎ ― to sit among friends
    starp kokiem redzams šķūnis‎ ― the shed is visible among the trees
    putns nozūd starp ēkām‎ ― the bird disappeared among the buildings
    bibliotekāre rosās starp grāmatu plauktiem‎ ― the librarian is busy among the bookshelves
  3. used to locate an object in a space defined by many others pairwise; among, between
    attālumi starp zvaigznēm ir miljoniem reižu lielāki par pašām zvaigznēm‎ ― the distances between stars are millions to times larger than the stars themselves
  4. used to correlate a time period within a larger time period defined by two events or points in time; between
    starp pirmo un septīto oktobri‎ ― between 1st and 7th of October
    starp rītu un vakaru‎ ― between morning and evening
    atpūta starp siena pļauju un labības pļauju‎ ― (period of) rest between the hay harvest and the grain harvest
  5. used to estimate a value or measurement within a certain interval; between
    temperatūra starp desmit un divpadsmit grādiem‎ ― temperature between ten and twelve degrees
    kravas masa ir starp 100 un 120 kilogramiem‎ ― the mass of (this) load is between 100 and 100 kilograms
  6. used to indicate a comparison between two or more elements; between, among
    sāk izzust atšķirība starp laukiem un pilsētu‎ ― he began to feel the difference between the countryside and the city
    starp gleznotāja darbiem šis ir labākais‎ ― among the painter's works, this is the best
  7. used to indicate a division between two or more goals; between
    sākumā viņš savu brīvu laiku dalīja starp šo grāmatu un veco harmoniju kaktā‎ ― at first he divided his time between this book and the old harmonium in the corner
  8. used to indicate a certain level of secrecy; between, among
    starp mums runājot, arī tava ceļazīme bija tikai formalitāte‎ ― speaking between us, your voucher was also only a formality
  9. used to indicate a mutual relationship; between, among
    starp viņiem nav saskaņas‎ ― between them there is no harmony
    miers starp tautām‎ ― peace among the nations
    cīņa starp divām komandām‎ ― the fight between the two detachments, brigades
  10. (figuratively) used to indicate a boundary or transitional zone between events, states, situations; between
    zēns stāvēja uz robežas starp pasaku un īstenību‎ ― the boy was standing on the border between fairy tale and reality
    tava dzīve: izvilkta stīga starp darbu un mīlestību‎ ― your life: a string pulled between work and love
    tas bija brauciens starp dzīvību un nāvi‎ ― this was a journey between life and death

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

compounds (quasi-prefix):

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “starpa”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7