IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish talam, from Proto-Celtic *talamū, from Proto-Indo-European *tl̥-mon-, root *tel- (compare Latin tellus (earth)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

talamh f or m (feminine genitive talún, masculine genitive talaimh, plural tailte)

  1. earth, ground, land
    1. the earth
    2. surface of the earth
    3. dry land
    4. surface of ground
    5. land, soil
    6. total extent of land; territory, country
    7. property in land
    8. spot of ground
    9. land under water; (of sea) bottom
    10. solid base (for discussion, understanding)

DeclensionEdit

Feminine declension
Masculine declension

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
talamh thalamh dtalamh
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish talam, from Proto-Celtic *talamū, from Proto-Indo-European *tl̥-mon-, root *tel- (compare Latin tellus (earth)).

NounEdit

talamh m or f (genitive singular talmhainn, plural talamhan or talmhainnean)

  1. (masculine only) Earth (planet)
    Synonym: cruinne-cè
  2. earth, soil, ground
    Synonym: ùir
  3. land, country, territory
    Synonym: tìr

Usage notesEdit

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
talamh thalamh
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • talamh” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “talam”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language