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See also: vamă

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Serbo-CroatianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ʋâma/
  • Hyphenation: va‧ma

PronounEdit

vȁma (Cyrillic spelling ва̏ма)

  1. you (dative plural of (you))
  2. you (locative plural of (you))
  3. you (instrumental plural of (you))

DeclensionEdit


ZuluEdit

VerbEdit

-vama

  1. (intransitive) to abound, to be plentiful
  2. (intransitive) to be common, to be normal, to be prevalent, to be usual
  3. (auxiliary) to be accustomed to, to commonly do, to normally do, to usually do

InflectionEdit

Tone L
Infinitive ukuvama
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuvama ukungavami
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular vama -vame
Plural vamani -vameni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyavama, ngivama engivamayo, engivama ngivama angivami engingavami ngingavami
2nd singular uyavama, uvama ovamayo, ovama uvama awuvami ongavami ungavami
1st plural siyavama, sivama esivamayo, esivama sivama asivami esingavami singavami
2nd plural niyavama, nivama enivamayo, enivama nivama anivami eningavami ningavami
Class 1 uyavama, uvama ovamayo, ovama evama akavami ongavami engavami
Class 2 bayavama, bavama abavamayo, abavama bevama abavami abangavami bengavami
Class 3 uyavama, uvama ovamayo, ovama uvama awuvami ongavami ungavami
Class 4 iyavama, ivama evamayo, evama ivama ayivami engavami ingavami
Class 5 liyavama, livama elivamayo, elivama livama alivami elingavami lingavami
Class 6 ayavama, avama avamayo, avama evama awavami angavami engavami
Class 7 siyavama, sivama esivamayo, esivama sivama asivami esingavami singavami
Class 8 ziyavama, zivama ezivamayo, ezivama zivama azivami ezingavami zingavami
Class 9 iyavama, ivama evamayo, evama ivama ayivami engavami ingavami
Class 10 ziyavama, zivama ezivamayo, ezivama zivama azivami ezingavami zingavami
Class 11 luyavama, luvama oluvamayo, oluvama luvama aluvami olungavami lungavami
Class 14 buyavama, buvama obuvamayo, obuvama buvama abuvami obungavami bungavami
Class 15 kuyavama, kuvama okuvamayo, okuvama kuvama akuvami okungavami kungavami
Class 17 kuyavama, kuvama okuvamayo, okuvama kuvama akuvami okungavami kungavami
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngivamile, ngivamē engivamile, engivamē ngivamile, ngivamē angivamanga engingavamanga ngingavamanga
2nd singular uvamile, uvamē ovamile, ovamē uvamile, uvamē awuvamanga ongavamanga ungavamanga
1st plural sivamile, sivamē esivamile, esivamē sivamile, sivamē asivamanga esingavamanga singavamanga
2nd plural nivamile, nivamē enivamile, enivamē nivamile, nivamē anivamanga eningavamanga ningavamanga
Class 1 uvamile, uvamē ovamile, ovamē evamile, evamē akavamanga ongavamanga engavamanga
Class 2 bavamile, bavamē abavamile, abavamē bevamile, bevamē abavamanga abangavamanga bengavamanga
Class 3 uvamile, uvamē ovamile, ovamē uvamile, uvamē awuvamanga ongavamanga ungavamanga
Class 4 ivamile, ivamē evamile, evamē ivamile, ivamē ayivamanga engavamanga ingavamanga
Class 5 livamile, livamē elivamile, elivamē livamile, livamē alivamanga elingavamanga lingavamanga
Class 6 avamile, avamē avamile, avamē evamile, evamē awavamanga angavamanga engavamanga
Class 7 sivamile, sivamē esivamile, esivamē sivamile, sivamē asivamanga esingavamanga singavamanga
Class 8 zivamile, zivamē ezivamile, ezivamē zivamile, zivamē azivamanga ezingavamanga zingavamanga
Class 9 ivamile, ivamē evamile, evamē ivamile, ivamē ayivamanga engavamanga ingavamanga
Class 10 zivamile, zivamē ezivamile, ezivamē zivamile, zivamē azivamanga ezingavamanga zingavamanga
Class 11 luvamile, luvamē oluvamile, oluvamē luvamile, luvamē aluvamanga olungavamanga lungavamanga
Class 14 buvamile, buvamē obuvamile, obuvamē buvamile, buvamē abuvamanga obungavamanga bungavamanga
Class 15 kuvamile, kuvamē okuvamile, okuvamē kuvamile, kuvamē akuvamanga okungavamanga kungavamanga
Class 17 kuvamile, kuvamē okuvamile, okuvamē kuvamile, kuvamē akuvamanga okungavamanga kungavamanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāvama engāvama ngāvama angivamanga engingavamanga ngingavamanga
2nd singular wāvama owāvama wāvama awuvamanga ongavamanga ungavamanga
1st plural sāvama esāvama sāvama asivamanga esingavamanga singavamanga
2nd plural nāvama enāvama nāvama anivamanga eningavamanga ningavamanga
Class 1 wāvama owāvama āvama akavamanga ongavamanga engavamanga
Class 2 bāvama abāvama bāvama abavamanga abangavamanga bengavamanga
Class 3 wāvama owāvama wāvama awuvamanga ongavamanga ungavamanga
Class 4 yāvama eyāvama yāvama ayivamanga engavamanga ingavamanga
Class 5 lāvama elāvama lāvama alivamanga elingavamanga lingavamanga
Class 6 āvama āvama āvama awavamanga angavamanga engavamanga
Class 7 sāvama esāvama sāvama asivamanga esingavamanga singavamanga
Class 8 zāvama ezāvama zāvama azivamanga ezingavamanga zingavamanga
Class 9 yāvama eyāvama yāvama ayivamanga engavamanga ingavamanga
Class 10 zāvama ezāvama zāvama azivamanga ezingavamanga zingavamanga
Class 11 lwāvama olwāvama lwāvama aluvamanga olungavamanga lungavamanga
Class 14 bāvama obāvama bāvama abuvamanga obungavamanga bungavamanga
Class 15 kwāvama okwāvama kwāvama akuvamanga okungavamanga kungavamanga
Class 17 kwāvama okwāvama kwāvama akuvamanga okungavamanga kungavamanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingavama ngingavama ngingevame ngingevame
2nd singular ungavama ungavama ungevame ungevame
1st plural singavama singavama singevame singevame
2nd plural ningavama ningavama ningevame ningevame
Class 1 angavama engavama angevame engevame
Class 2 bangavama bengavama bangevame bengevame
Class 3 ungavama ungavama ungevame ungevame
Class 4 ingavama ingavama ingevame ingevame
Class 5 lingavama lingavama lingevame lingevame
Class 6 angavama engavama angevame engevame
Class 7 singavama singavama singevame singevame
Class 8 zingavama zingavama zingevame zingevame
Class 9 ingavama ingavama ingevame ingevame
Class 10 zingavama zingavama zingevame zingevame
Class 11 lungavama lungavama lungevame lungevame
Class 14 bungavama bungavama bungevame bungevame
Class 15 kungavama kungavama kungevame kungevame
Class 17 kungavama kungavama kungevame kungevame
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizovama engizovama ngizovama angizuvama engingezuvama ngingezuvama
2nd singular uzovama ozovama uzovama awuzuvama ongezuvama ungezuvama
1st plural sizovama esizovama sizovama asizuvama esingezuvama singezuvama
2nd plural nizovama enizovama nizovama anizuvama eningezuvama ningezuvama
Class 1 uzovama ozovama ezovama akazuvama ongezuvama engezuvama
Class 2 bazovama abazovama bezovama abazuvama abangezuvama bengezuvama
Class 3 uzovama ozovama uzovama awuzuvama ongezuvama ungezuvama
Class 4 izovama ezovama izovama ayizuvama engezuvama ingezuvama
Class 5 lizovama elizovama lizovama alizuvama elingezuvama lingezuvama
Class 6 azovama azovama ezovama awazuvama angezuvama engezuvama
Class 7 sizovama esizovama sizovama asizuvama esingezuvama singezuvama
Class 8 zizovama ezizovama zizovama azizuvama ezingezuvama zingezuvama
Class 9 izovama ezovama izovama ayizuvama engezuvama ingezuvama
Class 10 zizovama ezizovama zizovama azizuvama ezingezuvama zingezuvama
Class 11 luzovama oluzovama luzovama aluzuvama olungezuvama lungezuvama
Class 14 buzovama obuzovama buzovama abuzuvama obungezuvama bungezuvama
Class 15 kuzovama okuzovama kuzovama akuzuvama okungezuvama kungezuvama
Class 17 kuzovama okuzovama kuzovama akuzuvama okungezuvama kungezuvama
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyovama engiyovama ngiyovama angiyuvama engingeyuvama ngingeyuvama
2nd singular uyovama oyovama uyovama awuyuvama ongeyuvama ungeyuvama
1st plural siyovama esiyovama siyovama asiyuvama esingeyuvama singeyuvama
2nd plural niyovama eniyovama niyovama aniyuvama eningeyuvama ningeyuvama
Class 1 uyovama oyovama eyovama akayuvama ongeyuvama engeyuvama
Class 2 bayovama abayovama beyovama abayuvama abangeyuvama bengeyuvama
Class 3 uyovama oyovama uyovama awuyuvama ongeyuvama ungeyuvama
Class 4 iyovama eyovama iyovama ayiyuvama engeyuvama ingeyuvama
Class 5 liyovama eliyovama liyovama aliyuvama elingeyuvama lingeyuvama
Class 6 ayovama ayovama eyovama awayuvama angeyuvama engeyuvama
Class 7 siyovama esiyovama siyovama asiyuvama esingeyuvama singeyuvama
Class 8 ziyovama eziyovama ziyovama aziyuvama ezingeyuvama zingeyuvama
Class 9 iyovama eyovama iyovama ayiyuvama engeyuvama ingeyuvama
Class 10 ziyovama eziyovama ziyovama aziyuvama ezingeyuvama zingeyuvama
Class 11 luyovama oluyovama luyovama aluyuvama olungeyuvama lungeyuvama
Class 14 buyovama obuyovama buyovama abuyuvama obungeyuvama bungeyuvama
Class 15 kuyovama okuyovama kuyovama akuyuvama okungeyuvama kungeyuvama
Class 17 kuyovama okuyovama kuyovama akuyuvama okungeyuvama kungeyuvama
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngivame ngingavami
2nd singular uvame ungavami
1st plural sivame singavami
2nd plural nivame ningavami
Class 1 avame angavami
Class 2 bavame bangavami
Class 3 uvame ungavami
Class 4 ivame ingavami
Class 5 livame lingavami
Class 6 avame angavami
Class 7 sivame singavami
Class 8 zivame zingavami
Class 9 ivame ingavami
Class 10 zivame zingavami
Class 11 luvame lungavami
Class 14 buvame bungavami
Class 15 kuvame kungavami
Class 17 kuvame kungavami
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngavama ngangavama, angavama, angangavama
2nd singular wavama wangavama, awavama, awangavama
1st plural savama sangavama, asavama, asangavama
2nd plural navama nangavama, anavama, anangavama
Class 1 wavama wangavama, akavama, akangavama
Class 2 bavama bangavama, abavama, abangavama
Class 3 wavama wangavama, awavama, awangavama
Class 4 yavama yangavama, ayavama, ayangavama
Class 5 lavama langavama, alavama, alangavama
Class 6 avama angavama, awavama, awangavama
Class 7 savama sangavama, asavama, asangavama
Class 8 zavama zangavama, azavama, azangavama
Class 9 yavama yangavama, ayavama, ayangavama
Class 10 zavama zangavama, azavama, azangavama
Class 11 lwavama lwangavama, alwavama, alwangavama
Class 14 bavama bangavama, abavama, abangavama
Class 15 kwavama kwangavama, akwavama, akwangavama
Class 17 kwavama kwangavama, akwavama, akwangavama

ReferencesEdit