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LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Italic *wentos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wéh₁n̥ts (blowing), present participle of *h₂weh₁- (to blow). Cognate with English wind. See also Latin vannus, Ancient Greek ἄημι (áēmi).

NounEdit

ventus m (genitive ventī); second declension

  1. a wind
InflectionEdit

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative ventus ventī
genitive ventī ventōrum
dative ventō ventīs
accusative ventum ventōs
ablative ventō ventīs
vocative vente ventī
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Perfect passive participle of veniō.

ParticipleEdit

ventus m (feminine venta, neuter ventum); first/second declension

  1. having come
InflectionEdit

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative ventus venta ventum ventī ventae venta
genitive ventī ventae ventī ventōrum ventārum ventōrum
dative ventō ventō ventīs
accusative ventum ventam ventum ventōs ventās venta
ablative ventō ventā ventō ventīs
vocative vente venta ventum ventī ventae venta

ReferencesEdit

  • ventus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ventus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “ventus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • ventus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • there is a storm at sea: mare ventorum vi agitatur et turbatur
    • the wind spread the conflagration: ventus ignem distulit (B. G. 5. 43)
    • the wind is falling: ventus remittit (opp. increbrescit)
    • the wind dies down, ceases: ventus cadit, cessat
    • to have favourable, contrary, winds: ventis secundis, adversis uti
    • the wind is turning to the south-west: ventus se vertit in Africum
    • the east winds are blowing: venti ab ortu solis flant
    • with the wind against one: ventis reflantibus (Tusc. 1. 49)
    • (ambiguous) to strive to gain popular favour by certain means: ventum popularem quendam (in aliqua re) quaerere
    • (ambiguous) the ships sail out on a fair wind: ventum (tempestatem) nancti idoneum ex portu exeunt
    • (ambiguous) to run before the wind: vento se dare
  • ventus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers