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From Proto-Indo-European *welH- (to turn, wind, round). Cognate with Ancient Greek ἐλύω (elúō, to roll around), εἰλύω (eilúō, to enfold), εἴλω (eílō, to roll up, pack close), ἑλίσσω (helíssō, to turn round, to roll), ἕλιξ (hélix), Albanian valle (circle dance), Old Armenian գելում (gelum), Old English wielwan, wealwian (to roll). Confer Latin vulgus. More at wallow.



volvō (present infinitive volvere, perfect active volvī, supine volūtum); third conjugation

  1. I roll, tumble.


   Conjugation of volvō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present volvō volvis volvit volvimus volvitis volvunt
imperfect volvēbam volvēbās volvēbat volvēbāmus volvēbātis volvēbant
future volvam volvēs volvet volvēmus volvētis volvent
perfect volvī volvistī volvit volvimus volvistis volvērunt, volvēre
pluperfect volveram volverās volverat volverāmus volverātis volverant
future perfect volverō volveris volverit volverimus volveritis volverint
passive present volvor volveris, volvere volvitur volvimur volviminī volvuntur
imperfect volvēbar volvēbāris, volvēbāre volvēbātur volvēbāmur volvēbāminī volvēbantur
future volvar volvēris, volvēre volvētur volvēmur volvēminī volventur
perfect volūtus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect volūtus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect volūtus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present volvam volvās volvat volvāmus volvātis volvant
imperfect volverem volverēs volveret volverēmus volverētis volverent
perfect volverim volverīs volverit volverīmus volverītis volverint
pluperfect volvissem volvissēs volvisset volvissēmus volvissētis volvissent
passive present volvar volvāris, volvāre volvātur volvāmur volvāminī volvantur
imperfect volverer volverēris, volverēre volverētur volverēmur volverēminī volverentur
perfect volūtus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect volūtus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present volve volvite
future volvitō volvitō volvitōte volvuntō
passive present volvere volviminī
future volvitor volvitor volvuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives volvere volvisse volūtūrum esse volvī volūtum esse volūtum īrī
participles volvēns volūtūrus volūtus volvendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
volvendī volvendō volvendum volvendō volūtum volūtū

Derived termsEdit



  • volvo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • volvo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • volvo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to open a book: librum evolvere, volvere
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill