See also: päsť
- (UK) enPR: päst, IPA(key): /pɑːst/
- (US) IPA(key): /pæst/
Audio (US) (file)
- Homophone: passed
- Rhymes: -æst, -ɑːst
- Rhymes: -æst
past (plural pasts)
- The period of time that has already happened, in contrast to the present and the future.
- a book about a time machine that can transport people back into the past
- D. Webster
- The past, at least, is secure.
- The present is only intelligible in the light of the past, often a very remote past indeed.
- (grammar) The past tense.
Terms derived from the noun "past"
period of time that has already happened
(grammar) past tense
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
- Having already happened; in the past; finished. [from 14th c.]
1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 7, in The China Governess:
- The highway to the East Coast which ran through the borough of Ebbfield had always been a main road and even now, despite the vast garages, the pylons and the gaily painted factory glasshouses which had sprung up beside it, there still remained an occasional trace of past cultures.
- (postmodifier) Following expressions of time to indicate how long ago something happened; ago. [from 15th c.]
- Of a period of time: having just gone by; previous. [from 15th c.]
2012 April 23, Angelique Chrisafis, “François Hollande on top but far right scores record result in French election”, in The Guardian:
- Sarkozy's total will be seen as a personal failure. It is the first time an outgoing president has failed to win a first-round vote in the past 50 years and makes it harder for Sarkozy to regain momentum.
during the past year
- (grammar) Of a tense, expressing action that has already happened or a previously-existing state. [from 18th c.]
having already happened; in the past
ago — see ago
of a period of time: having just gone by
grammar: expressing action that has already happened
- in a direction that passes
- I watched him walk past
- (Should we move(+) this sense?) Passing by, especially without stopping or being delayed.
- Ignore them, we'll play past them.
- Please don't drive past the fruit stand, I want to stop there.
in a direction that passes
- beyond in place, quantity or time
- the room past mine
- count past twenty
- past midnight
2012 April 22, Sam Sheringham, “Liverpool 0-1 West Brom”, in BBC Sport:
- But they were stunned when Glen Johnson's error let in Peter Odemwingie to fire past Pepe Reina on 75 minutes.
- The preposition past is used to tell the time. The time 5:05 is said as five past five. 5:10 as ten past five. 5:15 as quarter past five. 5:20 as twenty past five. 5:25 as twenty-five past five. 5:30 as half past five. If we are aware of the approximate time, we can just use e.g. five past, ten past etc. See the example below.
- I thought it was about six o'clock, but it was actually ten past.
- Compare with to (five to, ten to, quarter to, twenty to, twenty-five to)
- See also: o'clock
beyond in place
Most common English words before 1923 in Project Gutenberg: six · comes · stand · #496: past · suppose · else · entered
- trap (a device designed to catch and sometimes kill animals)
- past na myši — mousetrap
Declension of past
- past in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
- past in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
- second- and third-person singular present indicative of passen
- (archaic) plural imperative of passen