через

See also: чэрэз

RussianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈt͡ɕerʲɪs]
  • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

From Old East Slavic чересъ (čeresŭ), from Proto-Slavic *čersъ, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kert-. Doublet of чрез (črez), a borrowing from Old Church Slavonic.

PrepositionEdit

че́рез (čérez) (+ accusative case)

  1. through
  2. across, over
  3. (time) in, after
    Я бу́ду петь пе́сню че́рез пять мину́т.
    Ja búdu petʹ pésnju čérez pjatʹ minút.
    I will sing a song after five minutes.
    че́рез семь мину́т по́сле отхо́даčérez semʹ minút pósle otxódaseven minutes after departure
  4. via
    до Киева через Москву́do Kijeva čerez Moskvúto Kiev via Moscow
  5. with, with the help of
  6. (dated, poetic) because of
Alternative formsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

че́рез (čérezm inan (genitive че́реза, nominative plural че́резы, genitive plural че́резов)

  1. (obsolete) leather belt with purse for money, bysack-girdle, money belt
    • 1868, Нестор Кукольник, Иоанн III, собиратель земли русской:
      А дьяка Истому совсем не признать в приказчике, запоясанном по кожану здоровым черезом, чуть не с аршинными кожаными ж варягами на руках, привыкших к калыму письменному.
      A dʹjaka Istomu sovsem ne priznatʹ v prikazčike, zapojasannom po kožanu zdorovym čerezom, čutʹ ne s aršinnymi kožanymi ž varjagami na rukax, privykšix k kalymu pisʹmennomu.
      But Dyak Istoma one can hardly recognize in the clerk, girdled before the leather-coat with a great bysack-belt, almost with sprawled leather Vikings on the hands, wont of written grafts.
DeclensionEdit
Alternative formsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “через”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress

Serbo-CroatianEdit

PrepositionEdit

через (Latin spelling čerez) (+ genitive case)

  1. (dialectal) because of, for the sake of

Alternative formsEdit

Related termsEdit