Last modified on 17 December 2014, at 00:35

See also:

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ideogram (指事) – hills. Earlier form closer to , as in . Compare .

Han characterEdit

(radical 1 +4, 5 strokes, cangjie input 人一 (OM), four-corner 72101)

  1. hill
  2. elder
  3. empty
  4. a name

Coordinate termsEdit

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 77, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33
  • Dae Jaweon: page 156, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 17, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E18

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (丘), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 去鳩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɨu/ /kʰi̯ə̯u/ /kʰiu/ /kʰiu/ /kʰuw/ /kʰĭəu/ /kʰiəu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qiū ‹ khjuw › /*[k]ʷʰəә/ hill, mound

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10523 0 /*kʰʷɯ/

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana おか, romaji oka)

  1. hill
     (おか) (くだ)
    oka o kudaru
    to go down a hill

Usage notesEdit

The most common kanji for this word is 丘.


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gu)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gu, McCune-Reischauer: ku)
  • Name (hangeul): 언덕 (revised: eondeok, McCune-Reischauer: ǒndǒk)
  1. hill

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khâu, kheo, khưu)

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ReferencesEdit