Last modified on 5 October 2014, at 07:18
Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C71
Code point U+5C71
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C70] [U+5C72]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
山-bw.png
Stroke order
山-order.gif
Stroke order
(cursive)
山-cursive-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Ideogram (指事) – three mountain peaks. In the Oracle Bone Script, they were represented by triangles rather than vertical strokes. Compare , particularly earlier forms.

山 山 山 山
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 46 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 山 (U), four-corner 22770)

Coordinate termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 307, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7869
  • Dae Jaweon: page 604, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 759, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5C71

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

Ideogram (指事) – three mountain peaks. In the Oracle Bone Script, they were represented by triangles rather than vertical strokes. Compare , particularly earlier forms.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (山), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 山
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 所閒切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣɛn/ /ʂăn/ /ʃɛn/ /ʃɯæn/ /ʂəɨn/ /ʃæn/ /ʃæn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shān ‹ srɛn › /*s-ŋrar/ mountain, hill
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11052 2 /*sreːn/

NounEdit

(classifier )

  1. mountain, hill
  2. bundled straw in which silkworms spin cocoons
  3. gable

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​. Shan

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-02-26.

JapaneseEdit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.
Particularly: “would benefit from having multiple etymology senses covering the native Japanese word and Sino-Japanese word written with the same character. See how does it.”

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
やま
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

NounEdit

(hiragana やま, romaji yama)

  1. mountain

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(san)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: san, McCune-Reischauer: san, Yale: san)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: me, McCune-Reischauer: me, Yale: mey)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(san, sơn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.