Character  山 
Codepoint U+5C71

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
山-bw.png
Stroke order
山-order.gif
Stroke order
(cursive)
山-cursive-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Ideogram (指事) – three mountain peaks. In the Oracle Bone Script, they were represented by triangles rather than vertical strokes. Compare , particularly earlier forms.

山 山 山 山
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 46 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 山 (U), four-corner 22770)

  1. mountain, hill, peak

Coordinate termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 307, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7869
  • Dae Jaweon: page 604, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 759, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5C71

CantoneseEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Hoisanese) IPA(key): [san˧]

HanziEdit

(Jyutping saan1, Yale saan1)

NounEdit

(traditional and simplified, Jyutping saan1)

  1. mountain

Derived termsEdit


HakkaEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ san, Guangdong san1, Hagfa Pinyim san1)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana やま, romaji yama)

  1. mountain

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(san)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: san, McCune-Reischauer: san, Yale: san)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: me, McCune-Reischauer: me, Yale: mey)

CompoundsEdit


MandarinEdit

PronunciationEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin shān (shan1), Wade-Giles shan1)

NounEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin shān, measure word )

  1. mountain, hill
  2. bundled straw in which silkworms spin cocoons
  3. gable

Proper nounEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin shān)

  1. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-02-26.

Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*shrɛn)


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ san, soaⁿ, TLPA san (san1), suann (suann1))

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(san, sơn)


WuEdit

PronunciationEdit

(Shanghai) (Taihu Wu): sĘ(52)

ReferencesEdit

Last modified on 13 April 2014, at 17:37