Last modified on 21 December 2014, at 03:35

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
勺-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形): something () in the spoon ().

Han characterEdit

(radical 20 +1, 3 strokes, cangjie input 心戈 (PI), X心戈 (XPI), four-corner 27320, composition)

  1. spoon, ladle
  2. unit of volume

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 150, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2495
  • Dae Jaweon: page 339, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 254, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+52FA

ChineseEdit

spoon
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (勺), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 藥
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 之若切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕɨɐk̚/ /t͡ɕi̯ak̚/ /t͡ɕiak̚/ /t͡ɕiɐk̚/ /cɨak̚/ /t͡ɕĭak̚/ /t͡ɕiɑk̚/
Character (勺), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 藥
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 市若切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨɐk̚/ /ʑi̯ak̚/ /ʑiak̚/ /d͡ʑiɐk̚/ /d͡ʑɨak̚/ /ʑĭak̚/ /d͡ʑiɑk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
sháo ‹ dzyak › /*m-tewk/ ladle (n.)
zhuó ‹ tsyak › /*tewk/ ladle (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11191 2 /*pljewɢ/
11195 2 /*bljewɢ/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)[1]

ReadingsEdit

Usage notesEdit

  1. ^ Removed from the daily use Jōyō kanji by the Japanese government in 2010.
    The Japan Times (October 21, 2009). Get set for next year's overhaul of joyo kanji. Accessed February 23, 2010.

NounEdit

(hiragana しゃく, romaji shaku)

  1. 18 millimeters (a tenth of a go)
  2. 0.033 square meters (a hundredth of a tsubo)

Alternative formsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jak) (hangeul , revised jak, McCune-Reischauer chak)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chước, giuộc, thược, duộc)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.