Last modified on 22 October 2014, at 21:25
See also: , , , , and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
国-bw.png
Stroke order
国-order.gif
Japanese
stroke order
国-jorder.gif

EtymologyEdit

Simplified from ()

In this simplified form, this character consists of 玉, the Chinese character for jade (or precious stone or gem) (representing the emperor), enclosed by the character meaning "erect," "proud," or "upright". In the Kangxi Dictionary of 1716 the character 国 is not included, but other characters like 囯, 囶 and 圀 are, as well as a character made up of three 秦. 國 is the original character.

Han characterEdit

(radical 31 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 田一土戈 (WMGI), four-corner 60103, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 218, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4752
  • Dae Jaweon: page 446, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 716, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+56FD

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

(classifier )

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) country, nation, nation-state

SynonymsEdit

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​. Guo (mainland China, Taiwan), Gwok (Hong Kong)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

ReadingsEdit

Usage notesEdit

The on'yomi is used in compounds like 国語 (こくご, Kokugo: "national language", i.e. Japanese) or 中国 (ちゅうごく, Chūgoku: China; the Chūgoku region of central Japan). In many compounds where the character does not come first, koku changes to goku due to rendaku (連濁).

CompoundsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Kanji in this term
くに
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

NounEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana くに, romaji kuni)

  1. a land, a large place
  2. a country in general, a region
  3. a country as in a nation, a state
  4. the office of emperor, the crown; affairs of state
  5. a province of ancient Japan
  6. the national government in ancient Japan; the national capital in ancient Japan
  7. one's birthplace

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(quốc)

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ReferencesEdit