Last modified on 19 June 2014, at 14:50

See also: , , , , , and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
國-bw.png
Taiwanese stroke order
國-tbw.png
Stroke order
國-order.gif
Taiwanese
stroke order
國-torder.gif

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 31 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 田戈口一 (WIRM), four-corner 60153, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 219, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4798
  • Dae Jaweon: page 447, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 720, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+570B

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (國), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 德
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 古或切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kwək̚/ /kwək̚/ /kuək̚/ /kʷək̚/ /kwək̚/ /kuək̚/ /kuək̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guó ‹ kwok › /*[C.q]ʷˤəәk/ state (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5547 0 /*kʷɯːɡ/

NounEdit

(classifier )

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) country, nation, nation-state

SynonymsEdit

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​. Guo (mainland China, Taiwan), Gwok (Hong Kong)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. country

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana くに, romaji kuni)

  1. a land, a country

KoreanEdit

A variant of "國" commonly found in old books of pre-modern Korea.

HanjaEdit

(guk)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: kuk, Yale: kwuk)
  • Name (hangeul): 나라 (revised: nara, McCune-Reischauer: nara, Yale: nala)
  1. country, state, nation, land

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(quốc, cuốc)

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