Last modified on 10 July 2014, at 02:40
See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
玉-order.gif
Japanese
stroke order
玉-jorder.gif

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a Chinese Radical)

EtymologyEdit

玉 玉 玉
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

The character was similar to . The dot have been added to differentiate them. It originally meant "blemished jade". Also written (su4) for the same reason.

Pictogram (象形) : a picture of a 琮 (cong), a sort of ritual jade totem.

It is also interpreted as three pieces of jade strung together on a string.

ReferencesEdit

  • Richard Sears, "玉 etymology" (in Mandarin/English), Chinese Etymology. URL accessed on 2014-02-18.
  • 2005, William McNaughton, Reading & Writing Chinese: Simplified Character Edition, edition 2nd Edition, Tuttle, ISBN 978-0804835091, page 15:

Han characterEdit

(radical 96 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一土戈 (MGI), four-corner 10103)

  1. jade, originally nephrite but now including jadeite as well
  2. precious stone, gem

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 726, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20821
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1135, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1100, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7389

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (玉), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 燭
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 魚欲切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɨok̚/ /ŋi̯wok̚/ /ŋiok̚/ /ŋiok̚/ /ŋuawk̚/ /ŋĭwok̚/ /ŋiok̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ngjowk › /*ŋok {*[ŋ](r)ok} (‹ uvular?)/ jade
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15971 0 /*ŋoɡ/

NounEdit

  1. jade

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

SynonymsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

kun'yomi

NounEdit

(hiragana たま, romaji tama)

  1. ball

Etymology 2Edit

on'yomi

NounEdit

(hiragana ぎょく, romaji gyoku)

  1. precious stone
  2. a chicken’s egg (to be eaten)
  3. a stock being traded
  4. geisha

Etymology 3Edit

Abbreviation of 玉将

NounEdit

(hiragana ぎょく, romaji gyoku)

  1. king in shogi

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ok)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ok, McCune-Reischauer: ok, Yale: ok)
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Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*ngiok)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ngọc)

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