See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
玉-order.gif
Japanese
stroke order
玉-jorder.gif

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a Chinese Radical)

EtymologyEdit

玉 玉 玉
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

The character was similar to . The dot have been added to differentiate them. It originally meant "blemished jade". Also written (su4) for the same reason.

Pictogram (象形) : a picture of a 琮 (cong), a sort of ritual jade totem.

It is also interpreted as three pieces of jade strung together on a string.

ReferencesEdit

  • Richard Sears, "玉 etymology" (in Mandarin/English), Chinese Etymology. URL accessed on 2014-02-18.
  • 2005, William McNaughton, Reading & Writing Chinese: Simplified Character Edition, edition 2nd Edition, Tuttle, ISBN 978-0804835091, page 15:

Han characterEdit

(radical 96 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一土戈 (MGI), four-corner 10103)

  1. jade, originally nephrite but now including jadeite as well
  2. precious stone, gem

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 726, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20821
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1135, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1100, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7389

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping juk6, Yale yuk6)


HakkaEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ nyuk8, Guangdong ngiuk8; niuk8 [Meixian, Hong Kong], Hagfa Pinyim ngiug6)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

SynonymsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

kun'yomi

NounEdit

(hiragana たま, romaji tama)

  1. ball

Etymology 2Edit

on'yomi

NounEdit

(hiragana ぎょく, romaji gyoku)

  1. precious stone
  2. a chicken’s egg (to be eaten)
  3. a stock being traded
  4. geisha

Etymology 3Edit

Abbreviation of 玉将

NounEdit

(hiragana ぎょく, romaji gyoku)

  1. king in shogi

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ok)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ok, McCune-Reischauer: ok, Yale: ok)

MandarinEdit

simpl. and trad.

HanziEdit

(Pinyin (yu4), Wade-Giles 4)

CompoundsEdit

  • 愛玉冰

NounEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. jade

Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*ngiok)


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ gio̍k, gi̍k, TLPA gio̍k (giok8), gi̍k (gik8))

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ngọc)

Last modified on 13 April 2014, at 17:48