Last modified on 11 December 2014, at 18:58

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 44 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 尸人 (SO), four-corner 77807)

  1. Chinese measure approx. 'foot'
  2. (archaic) 23.1 cm (during the Han Dynasty)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 299, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7632
  • Dae Jaweon: page 595, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 964, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5C3A

See alsoEdit


ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (尺), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 昌 (24)
Final: 昔
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 昌石切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰiᴇk̚/ /t͡ɕʰi̯ɛk̚/ /t͡ɕʰiɛk̚/ /t͡ɕʰiɛk̚/ /cʰiajk̚/ /t͡ɕʰĭɛk̚/ /t͡ɕʰiæk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chǐ ‹ tsyhek › /*tʰAk/ foot (measure)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1461 0 /*tʰjaɡ/

NounEdit

  1. (Hong Kong) chek, a traditional unit of length, legally defined as equal to 0.371475 metres ()
  2. (slang, North American Cantonese) a foot in Imperial units or US units

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana しゃく, romaji shaku)

  1. a unit of length approximately equivalent to 30.3 cm, ten times a sun, and a tenth of a ; in the carpenter's square, approximately equivalent to 30.3 cm, and in the cloth measure approximately 37.9 cm
    • 931-938: Wamyō Ruijushō (book 6 page 46)
      [...] 廣本無上字、説文、尺十寸也、人手却十分動脈爲寸口、十寸爲尺、尺所以指尺規榘事也从尸从乙、乙所識也、今俗呼佐之或呼毛乃佐之 [...]
    • c. 1177-1188: Iroha Jiruishō (volume 9, page 55)
      シャク 十寸為尺
    • 16031604: Nippo Jisho (page 741)
      Xacu. シャク (尺) 1 palmoよりも少し長い, ある尺度. 例, Ixxacu, nixacu. (一尺, 二尺) Xacuuo toru. l, xacudoru. (尺を取る. または, 尺取る) 上述のようなpalmoを単位として寸法を計る.
  2. length
  3. an insect, the Geometra papilionaria; an inchworm
    • 16031604: Nippo Jisho (page 741)
      Xacu. l, xacumuxi. シャク. または, しゃくむし (尺. または, 尺虫) 歩くときに身を縮めたりしながら進む一種の小虫. Xacude taiuo tçuru. (尺で鯛を釣る) 諺. この小虫で鯛を釣って取る人のように, 小さなもので大きなものを手に入れる.
IdiomsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Compound of bound taka (bamboo) and hakari, voiced due to compounding.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana たかばかり, romaji takabakari)

  1. a bamboo measure
    • 931-938: Wamyō Ruijushō (book 6 page 46)
      魏武上雜物䟽云、象牙尺、齒亦反、辨色立成云、尺竹量也、太加波可利

Etymology 3Edit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
ReadingsEdit
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(cheok) (hangeul , revised cheok, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŏk, Yale chek)

  1. () Korean foot (30.3cm)
  2. () measure
  3. (길이) length

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(xích, xách, xế, xệch, xịch, sệch, xạch)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit