Last modified on 13 October 2014, at 23:47

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
分-order.gif
Stroke order
分-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) To separate () with a knife ()

分 分 分 分
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 18 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 金尸竹 (CSH), four-corner 80227, composition)

  1. to divide
  2. small unit of time etc.
  3. the number 1/10; 0.1

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 136, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1853
  • Dae Jaweon: page 304, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 321, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5206

See alsoEdit

  • Chinese Numeral

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (分), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 文
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 府文切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɨun/ /pi̯uən/ /piuən/ /piun/ /pun/ /pĭuən/ /piuən/
Character (分), Pronunciation (2/2)

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 文
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 扶問切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɨunH/ /bʱi̯uənH/ /biuənH/ /biunH/ /bunH/ /bĭuənH/ /biuənH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
fēn ‹ pjun › /*pən {*pə[n]}/ divide
fèn ‹ bjunH › /*m-pən-s {*[m]-pə[n]-s}/ alloted duty
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3148 1 /*pɯn/
3191 1 /*bɯns/

VerbEdit

  1. to divide, to separate
  2. to distribute, to allocate
  3. to distinguish, to differentiate

NounEdit

  1. minute
  2. fraction
    分之
  3. (sport) point
  4. one tenth
  5. (unit of money) 0.01 (yuan)
  6. (Hong Kong) fan, a traditional unit of length, legally defined as 0.1 tsun () or 0.00371475 metres ()
  7. an ancient small unit of time
  8. abbreviation of 市分, a unit of lengh equivalent to 0.33 cm

NounEdit

  1. part, share
  2. ingredient, component

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • Terms marked with * are regular formations from nouns (e.g. 分校, 分行).
  • In the word 处分 (chǔfèn), this character is pronounced fèn (fen4).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ふん, romaji fun)

  1. a minute (unit of time)
  2. a minute (unit of angle)

(hiragana ぶん, romaji bun)

  1. part; share
    このケーキ
    kono kēki wa kimi no bun da yo.
    this piece of cake is yours. (your share; it implies there are other pieces of cake.)

(hiragana , romaji bu)

  1. an obsolete unit of currency equal to four (ryō)

CounterEdit

(hiragana ふん, romaji -fun)

  1. minutes (duration)

Related termsEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(bun)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: bun, McCune-Reischauer: pun, Yale: pwun)
  • Name (hangeul): 나눌 (revised: nanul, McCune-Reischauer: nanul)
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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phân, phận, phần)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.