Last modified on 11 April 2014, at 04:31

See also:

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 167 +7, 15 strokes, cangjie input 金大人人 (CKOO), four-corner 84138)

  1. tongs, pincers
  2. dagger
  3. sword

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1307, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40450
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1809, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4205, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+92CF

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(simplified , Jyutping gaap3, Yale gaap3)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. scissors, shears
  2. tongs, pincers

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
(hasami): a pair of traditional Japanese shears or scissors.
(hasami): a pair of western-style scissors.
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
はさみ
Hyōgaiji

Originally the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form of verb 鋏む hasamu, “to be tightly between two things, to be inserted in between”),[1][2] itself apparently deriving from hasa (“narrowness between other things”, likely cognate with hoso, “skinny, narrowness within the thing itself”) + auxiliary suffix (mu, to be or become like something).

Cognate and homophonic with , (​hasami): “being stuck in between other things”.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana はさみ, romaji hasami)

  1. scissors, a pair of scissors
  2. pincers or claws as found on a crab, lobster, or other arthropod
  3. a punch as used to make a hole in a piece of paper
Usage notesEdit

The scissors and punch senses are also found spelled 剪刀.

The arthropod pincers sense is also found spelled and .

IdiomsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(yattoko): a pair of blacksmith's pincers
Kanji in this term
やっとこ
Hyōgaiji

Probably originally an abbreviation of synonym yattokobasami,[1] with the yattoko portion possibly an alteration of 焼き床 (yakidoko, the cooking bed of an oven, or the firing bed of a kiln, possibly formerly read as yakitoko, literally burning or cooking bed), perhaps used as a dialect word referring to the forge; compare 火床 (hidoko, hearth; a firepit, such as beneath a boiler, literally fire bed).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana やっとこ, romaji yattoko)

  1. pincers, nippers, pliers, tongs, or grippers, specifically those used to hold a metal object being worked in blacksmithing
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
External linksEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
やとこ
Hyōgaiji

Probable variation from yattoko. Rare.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana やとこ, romaji yatoko)

  1. (rare) pincers, nippers, pliers, tongs, or grippers, more specifically those used to hold a metal object being worked in blacksmithing

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
きょう
Hyōgaiji

From Middle Chinese . Compare modern Mandarin (jiá).

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

(hiragana きょう, romaji kyō, historical hiragana けふ)

  1. pincers, scissors, tongs
Usage notesEdit

Only found in compounds.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hyeop) (hangeul , revised hyeop, McCune-Reischauer hyŏp, Yale hyep)

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MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(simplified , Pinyin jiá (jia2), Wade-Giles chia2)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.