See also: , , and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
食-bw.png
Stroke order
食-order.gif

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic ; see 𠊊.

Pictogram (象形): a mouth over a bowl of rice on a stand. While the current form is +, the lower part (bowl of rice on a stand) is cognate to , not to or .[1] This is more visible in the form 𠊊.

食 食 食 食
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 184 +0, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人戈日女 (OIAV), four-corner 80732)

  1. eat
  2. meal
  3. food
  4. KangXi radical number 184

See alsoEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1415, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44014
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1939, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4440, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+98DF
  1. ^ "Etymology: 食", URL accessed on 2008-06-16.

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping sik6, zi6, ji6, Yale sik6, ji6, yi6)

VerbEdit

(traditional and simplified, Jyutping sik6, Yale sik6)

  1. to eat
    中國人筷子食飯
    Yale: jung1-gwok3-yan4 hai6 jaa1 faai3-ji2 sik6-faan6 ge3
    Jyutping: zung1-gwok3-jan4 hai6 zaa1 faai3-zi2 sik6-faan6 ge3
    Chinese people use chopsticks to eat with.
    星期日朋友一齊晚飯
    Yale: seung6 sing1-kei4-yat6 ngo5 tung4 di1 pang4-yau5 yat1-chai4 sik6 maan5-faan6
    Jyutping: soeng6 sing1-kei4-jat6 ngo5 tung4 di1 pang4-jau5 jat1-cai4 sik6 maan5-faan6
    Last Sunday, I ate dinner together with my friends.
    Yale: nei5 sik6-jo2 faan6 mei6 aa3
    Jyutping: nei5 sik6-zo2 faan6 mei6 aa3
    Have you eaten yet?

HakkaEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ shi̍t, Guangdong shit8, se5 [Meixian], s'it8, sii6 [Hailu], sii5, siit8 [Siyan], sit8 [Bao'an, Dongguan, Hong Kong], s'it8, sii5 [Kwangtung], Hagfa Pinyim sid6)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Unbound apophonic form uke.

NounEdit

(hiragana うか, romaji uka)

  1. food
  2. grain

Etymology 2Edit

uka + i → uke2 → uke. Bound apophonic form uka.

NounEdit

(hiragana うけ, romaji uke)

  1. food

Etymology 3Edit

Cognate with ke.

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji ke)

  1. food

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji shi)

  1. food

NounEdit

(hiragana しょく, romaji shoku)

  1. a meal
  2. foodstuff
  3. an eclipse

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit
CompoundsEdit
Usage notesEdit

When combining, appears in simplified form , as in , but in isolation is not simplified. Can also appear in alternative form as in .


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sik)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sik, McCune-Reischauer: sik, Yale: sik)
  • Name (hangeul): [[]]()

MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin shí (shi2), Wade-Giles shih2)

(Pinyin (si4), Wade-Giles si4) (to feed)

(Pinyin (yi4), Wade-Giles i4) (in certain proper names, e.g. 郦食其)


Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*jhiək)


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ si̍t (sit8), chia̍h (chiah8), TLPA si̍t (sit8), tsia̍h (tsiah8))

VerbEdit

(traditional and simplified, POJ chia̍h)

  1. to eat

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thực, tự)

Last modified on 14 April 2014, at 16:42