shear

EnglishEdit

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EtymologyEdit

From Middle English sheren, from Old English scieran, from Proto-Germanic *skeraną, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker- (to cut). Cognate with West Frisian skeare, Low German scheren, Dutch scheren, German scheren, Danish skære, Norwegian skjære, Swedish skära, Serbo-Croatian škare ("scissors"); and (from Indo-European) with Ancient Greek κείρω (keirō, I cut off), Latin caro (flesh), Albanian harr (to cut, to mow), Lithuanian skìrti (separate), Welsh ysgar (separate). See also sharp.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

shear (third-person singular simple present shears, present participle shearing, simple past sheared or shore, past participle shorn or sheared)

  1. To cut, originally with a sword or other bladed weapon, now usually with shears, or as if using shears.
    • 1819, Walter Scott, Ivanhoe:
      So trenchant was the Templar’s weapon, that it shore asunder, as it had been a willow twig, the tough and plaited handle of the mace, which the ill-fated Saxon reared to parry the blow, and, descending on his head, levelled him with the earth.
    • Shakespeare
      the golden tresses [] were shorn away
  2. To remove the fleece from a sheep etc by clipping.
  3. (physics) To deform because of shearing forces.
  4. (Scotland) To reap, as grain.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Jamieson to this entry?)
  5. (figuratively) To deprive of property; to fleece.

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

NounEdit

shear (plural shears)

  1. a cutting tool similar to scissors, but often larger
    • Dryden
      short of the wool, and naked from the shear
  2. the act of shearing, or something removed by shearing
    • Youatt
      After the second shearing, he is a two-shear ram; [] at the expiration of another year, he is a three-shear ram; the name always taking its date from the time of shearing.
  3. (physics) a force that produces a shearing strain
  4. (geology) The response of a rock to deformation usually by compressive stress, resulting in particular textures.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

shear

  1. Common misspelling of sheer.

AnagramsEdit

Last modified on 10 April 2014, at 11:34