Last modified on 19 March 2014, at 08:13
See also:

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 167 +8, 16 strokes, cangjie input 金十一人 (CJMO), four-corner 83181, composition)

  1. spindle, slab, cake, tablet
  2. lock, padlock, seal

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1311, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40559
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1812, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4224, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+9320

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(simplified , Jyutping ding3, Yale ding3)

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Chinese (/*diaŋ/). Compare modern Mandarin traditional and simplified (dìng).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana じょう, romaji , historical hiragana じやう)

  1. a device used to make a door unopenable: a lock
    • 16031604: Nippo Jisho (page 367)[2]
      . ジャウ (鎖) 錠. 例, uo vorosu. (鎖を下ろす) 錠をおろす. uo aquru. (鎖を開くる) 錠をあける.
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Compound of (, chain) +‎ (mae, front), in reference to the padlock on the front of a chain keeping a door or gate closed. The use of is an example of ateji.[3]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana じょうまえ, romaji jōmae, historical hiragana ぢやうまへ) (rare)

  1. Alternative spelling of 錠前 a lock, a padlock

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  2. ^ 1980 November 22 [1603–1604], Tadao Doi, Hōyaku Nippo Jisho (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, ISBN 4-0008-0021-3:
  3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jeong) (hangeul , revised jeong, McCune-Reischauer chŏng, Yale ceng)

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MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(simplified , Pinyin dìng (ding4), (yi3), Wade-Giles ting4, i3)

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