Last modified on 1 August 2014, at 04:32

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
字-bw.png

Han characterEdit

(radical 39 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 十弓木 (JND), four-corner 30407, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 277, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6942
  • Dae Jaweon: page 545, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1010, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5B57

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

English Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia en

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (roof) + phonetic  (child). It is also cognate with its phonetic component — see Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tsa ~ za for more.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (字), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 從 (15)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 疾置切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zɨH/ /d͡zʱiH/ /d͡ziəH/ /d͡zɨH/ /d͡zɨH/ /d͡zĭəH/ /d͡zieH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ dziH › /*mə-dzə-s {*mə-dzə(ʔ)-s}/ breed, love (v.); character
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17864 0 /*zlɯs/ 子分化字

VerbEdit

(obsolete)

  1. to give birth to
  2. to be pregnant
  3. to bring up, to raise (a child)
  4. to love
  5. to educate, to teach
  6. to govern

NounEdit

(classifier )

  1. Chinese character; hanzi
  2. word
  3. style of handwriting; printing type
  4. letter; symbol; character
  5. (historical) Chinese style name; courtesy name (a name traditionally given to Chinese males at the age of 20 (also called 表字))
  6. (regional, Cantonese) five minutes (on the clock)
    • [Guangzhou Cantonese, trad.] / [Guangzhou Cantonese, simp.]caang1 saam1 go3 zi6 dou3 luk6 dim2 [Jyutping] — a quarter to six (Literally: Missing three five-minutes to six o'clock)

Usage notesEdit

  • Chinese people usually count what they say in characters/syllables. E.g. 知道 (wǒ bù zhīdào) has three words but four characters.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (字):


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 十字 (じゅうじ, jūji): cross
  • 字解 (じかい, jikai)
  • 字義 (じぎ, jigi): the meaning of a word
  • 字源 (じげん, jigen): the construction of a character
  • 字体 (じたい, jitai): font or lettering
  • 字典 (じてん, jiten): character dictionary
  • 字母 (じぼ, jibo): letter (of the alphabet)
  • 漢字 (かんじ, kanji): Chinese characters
    漢字返し (kanji-gaeshi) kanji repeater
  • 文字 (もじ, moji): letter, character, or ideograph
  • 字引 (じびき, jibiki): dictionary
  • 数字 (すうじ, sūji): numeral or number
  • 字訳

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Middle Chinese 字 with the southern pronunciation (kango, Go-on).

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji ji)

  1. a letter, character
    この () (なん) ()みますか?
    kono ji wa nan to yomimasuka?
    How do you pronounce this character?
  2. handwriting
    彼女 (かのじょ) ()上手 (うま)い。
    kanojo wa ji ga umai.
    She has good handwriting.

CounterEdit

(hiragana , romaji -ji)

  1. letters, characters
    40字以内 (よんじゅうじいない) ()いてください。
    yon jū ji inai de kaite kudasai.
    Please write it down in 40 letters or fewer.

Etymology 2Edit

Shortened form of あざな azana "a section of a village" of ancient Japanese origin (wago).

NounEdit

(hiragana あざ, romaji aza)

  1. a section of a village
Derived termsEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ja)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: cha)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tự, chữ, tợ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển, Hà Nội, 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999

CompoundsEdit