TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
字-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (roof) + phonetic  (child). It is also cognate with its phonetic component — see Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tsa ~ za for more.

Han characterEdit

(radical 39 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 十弓木 (JND), four-corner 30407, composition)

  1. letter, character, word

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: Template:Han KangXi link, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6942
  • Dae Jaweon: page 545, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1010, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5B57

CantoneseEdit

simpl. and trad.

HanziEdit

(Jyutping zi6, Yale ji6)


HakkaEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ sṳ̀ (sṳ3), tshṳ̀ (tshṳ3), Hagfa Pinyim si4, su4)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 十字 (じゅうじ, jūji): cross
  • 字解 (じかい, jikai)
  • 字義 (じぎ, jigi): the meaning of a word
  • 字源 (じげん, jigen): the construction of a character
  • 字体 (じたい, jitai): font or lettering
  • 字典 (じてん, jiten): character dictionary
  • 字母 (じぼ, jibo): letter (of the alphabet)
  • 漢字 (かんじ, kanji): Chinese characters
    漢字返し (kanji-gaeshi) kanji repeater
  • 文字 (もじ, moji): letter, character, or ideograph
  • 字引 (じびき, jibiki): dictionary
  • 数字 (すうじ, sūji): numeral or number

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Middle Chinese 字 with the southern pronunciation (kango, Go-on).

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji ji)

  1. a letter, character
    この () (なん) ()みますか?
    kono ji wa nan to yomimasuka?
    How do you pronounce this character?
  2. handwriting
    彼女 (かのじょ) ()上手 (うま)い。
    kanojo wa ji ga umai.
    She has good handwriting.

CounterEdit

(hiragana , romaji -ji)

  1. letters, characters
    40字以内 (よんじゅうじいない) ()いてください。
    yon jū ji inai de kaite kudasai.
    Please write it down in 40 letters or fewer.

Etymology 2Edit

Shortened form of あざな azana "a section of a village" of ancient Japanese origin (wago).

NounEdit

(hiragana あざ, romaji aza)

  1. a section of a village
Derived termsEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ja)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ja, McCune-Reischauer: cha)

MandarinEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin (zi4), Wade-Giles tzu4)

NounEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. Chinese writing
  2. (Beginning Mandarin) Chinese character; Chinese characters
  3. -shaped
  4. (archaic) Chinese style name

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


Middle ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

From Old Chinese (ʒəh).

PronunciationEdit

Han characterEdit

(*dzhiə̀)

NounEdit

(Baxter dziH)

  1. Chinese writing
  2. Chinese character; Chinese characters
  3. (archaic) Chinese style name

DescendantsEdit

  • Cantonese:
  • Mandarin: ()
  • Min Nan:

ReferencesEdit


Min NanEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(traditional and simplified, POJ or )

  1. Chinese writing
  2. Chinese character; Chinese characters
  3. (archaic) Chinese style name

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


Old ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

NounEdit

(ʒəh)

  1. Chinese writing
  2. Chinese character; Chinese characters
  3. Chinese style name

VerbEdit

(ʒəh)

  1. to give birth (to lay an egg, in the case of a bird)
  2. to nurse
  3. to nurture
  4. to love
  5. to marry; to wed
  6. to educate

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tự, chữ, tợ)

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển, Hà Nội, 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999

CompoundsEdit

Last modified on 14 April 2014, at 16:41