See also: , , and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
正-order.gif
Stroke order
正-bw.png

Alternative formsEdit

In complex characters, often written with last two strokes different, as in ; compare and .

EtymologyEdit

Ideogram (指事):  +  (foot) – a foot 止 facing a box, wall 口, indicating “reached the end, completion”. Top component 口 simplified to a line 一 in bronze script.

Han characterEdit

(radical 77 +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一卜中一 (MYLM), four-corner 10102, composition)

  1. straight, upright
  2. right, proper, correct
  3. exact, standardized, just so
  4. primary, chief, main
  5. first
  6. pure, unmixed
  7. pretty
  8. honest
  9. placed or situated in the middle
  10. just now, right now
  11. straighten
  12. put right, rectify
  13. (shapes) regular
  14. (mathematics) positive
  15. (tally marks) 5
  16. (numismatics) obverse
  17. 1040

Usage notesEdit

  • (tally marks, 5): The successive strokes of (East Asian tally marks 1 through 5) are used in China, Japan, and Korea to designate tallies in votes, scores, points, sushi orders, and the like, much as Tally b05.svg is used in Europe, Africa, Australia, and North America. Tallies beyond five are written with a for each group of five, followed by the remainder. For example, a tally of twelve 12 in tally marks as used in Europe, Zimbabwe, Australia, and North America is written as 正正丅.

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 574, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16255
  • Dae Jaweon: page 962, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1436, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6B63

See alsoEdit


CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping zeng3, zing1, zing3, Yale jeng3, jing1, jing3)


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NumberEdit

(せい, sei)

  1. A number of 1040 in modern Japanese since 17th century.
  2. 5. Similar to four vertical lines followed by a slanted horizontal line crossing through them, this character is used to count to 5 stroke by stroke. Thus this kanji written up to the third stroke represents 3. After the fifth and final stroke, when this character is completed, one starts writing this character again to count to higher numbers.

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana ただし, romaji Tadashi)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jeong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: jeong, McCune-Reischauer: chŏng, Yale: ceng)
  • Name (hangeul): [[바를]] (revised: bareul, McCune-Reischauer: parŭl, Yale: palul)

MandarinEdit

PronunciationEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin zhèng (zheng4), Wade-Giles cheng4)

CompoundsEdit

Antonym(s):


Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*jiɛ̀ng)


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chính, chánh, chếnh, giêng)

Last modified on 14 April 2014, at 16:42