Last modified on 19 July 2014, at 07:41
See also:

TranslingualEdit

simpl.
trad.

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (metal) + phonetic  – a metal key.

Han characterEdit

(radical 167 +9, 17 strokes, cangjie input 金弓大手 (CNKQ), four-corner 85140, composition)

  1. door bolt, lock bolt
  2. key

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1315, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40654
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1815, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4225, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+9375

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (鍵), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 渠焉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiᴇn/ /gi̯ɛn/ /ɡiɛn/ /ɡiɛn/ /gian/ /ɡĭɛn/ /ɡjæn/
Character (鍵), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 元
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 其偃切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɨɐnX/ /gɨ̯ɐnX/ /ɡiɐnX/ /ɡiɐnX/ /gɨanX/ /ɡĭɐnX/ /ɡiɐnX/
Character (鍵), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 其輦切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiᴇnX/ /gi̯ɛnX/ /ɡiɛnX/ /ɡiɛnX/ /gianX/ /ɡĭɛnX/ /ɡjænX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6211 1 /*ɡran/
6213 1 /*ɡranʔ/
6222 1 /*ɡanʔ/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かぎ, romaji kagi)

  1. a tool for opening or locking something; a key
  2. an important fact for solving something; a key; a clue

(hiragana けん, romaji ken)

  1. (music) a key

See alsoEdit

  • (じょう, jō)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(geon) (hangeul , revised geon, McCune-Reischauer kŏn, Yale ken)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(kiện)

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