Last modified on 5 July 2014, at 04:34

-ari

See also: ari, Ari, arī, arı, ári, Ári, arí, and -arí

FaroeseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the Old Norse -ari (suffix used to create agent nouns from verbs), ultimately from Medieval Latin and Middle Low German; from Latin -ārius.

SuffixEdit

-ari m (genitive singular -ara, plural -arar)

  1. -er, -or; (a masculine suffix used to form agent nouns from verb and noun stems)
    at baka (to bake) + -aribakari (a baker).

DeclensionEdit

m1 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative -ari -arin -arar -ararnir
Accusative -ara -aran -arar -ararnar
Dative -ara -aranum -arum -arunum
Genitive -ara -arans -ara -aranna

Derived termsEdit


IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the Old Norse -ari (suffix used to create agent nouns from verbs). This suffix is not Germanic, ultimately deriving from the Latin -arius through borrowings, and lives on in different disguises in the Germanic languages, e.g., in the German -er, used for the same purpose.

SuffixEdit

-ari m (genitive singular -ara, plural -arar)

  1. -er, -or; (a masculine suffix used to form agent nouns from verb and noun stems)
    leika (to act) + -arileikari (an actor).

Derived termsEdit


LatinEdit

SuffixEdit

-ārī

  1. dative masculine singular of -āris
  2. dative feminine singular of -āris
  3. dative neuter singular of -āris
  4. ablative masculine singular of -āris
  5. ablative neuter singular of -āris
  6. ablative feminine singular of -āris

Old High GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Proto-Germanic *-ārijaz

SuffixEdit

-āri

  1. used to form agent nouns
    from nouns: buochāri (scholar) from buoch (book)
    from verbs: hëlfāri (helper) from hëlfan (to help)
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Germanic *warjaz.

SuffixEdit

-āri

  1. used to form demonyms
    Baiāri (Bavarian)
    Romāri (Roman)
DescendantsEdit



Old NorseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed as part of Medieval Latin and Middle Low German words. In both cases, it stems from Latin -ārius. The suffix -ari replaced the native suffix -i which was used for agent nouns before: skytari (shooter, bowman) instead of skyti (shooter, bowman), both derived from skjóta (to shoot).[1]

SuffixEdit

-ari m

  1. a suffix used to create agent nouns from verbs; such as shooter, bowman, from skjóta (to shoot)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Olav Næs, Norsk Grammatikk — Ordlære, 1952; p. 246

RomanschEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin -ārium, -ārius.

SuffixEdit

-ari

  1. -ary (nominal suffix)