Last modified on 21 August 2014, at 16:51

EsperantoEdit

EtymologyEdit

The Esperanto suffixes -as, -is, -os, -us are related, and appear to have been inspired by previous language projects:

This play of vowels is not an original idea of Zamenhof's: -as, -is, -os are found for the three tenses of the infinitive in Faiguet's system of 1765; -a, -i, -o without a consonant are used like Z's -as, -is, -os by Rudelle (1858); Courtonne in 1885 had -am, -im, -om in the same values, and the similarity with Esperanto is here even more perfect than in the other projects, as -um corresponds to Z's -us.An International Language (1928)

The vowel of -as is likely cognate with the Latin present, as in amat (s/he loves), and the corresponding present infinitive amāre, permitting the natural (for an European) -ant ending. i could come from past tense in Latin ami, amisti.

SuffixEdit

-as

  1. ending of the present tense in verbs.

HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-as

  1. Added to a noun to form an adjective meaning "having something, a quality".
    haj (hair) + -ashajas (covered with hair)
  2. Added to a noun to form an occupation or a collective noun.
    fazék (pot) + -asfazekas (potter)
  3. Added to an ordinal number to form a digit or figure.
    három (three) + -ashármas (the digit or figure 3)

Usage notesEdit

  • Member of the following suffix cluster:
    -s is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -os is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -as is added to other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -es is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ös is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


IdoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Esperanto.

SuffixEdit

-as

  1. ending of the present tense in verbs

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Perhaps from the Proto-Germanic accusative plural ending *-anz, with regularly lost -n- before a fricative, or perhaps from the nominative plural *-ōs, a voiceless variety of the regular ending *-ōz. Akin to Old Saxon -os (Low German -s), Dutch -s, Swedish -ar.

SuffixEdit

-as

  1. Nominative and accusative case ending, originally of a-stem masculine nouns, later extended to other nouns.

DescendantsEdit

  • English: -s.

Old IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • -es (after palatal consonants)

EtymologyEdit

From *-assu-, from *-ad-tu-.

SuffixEdit

-as m

  1. Nominal suffix, used to form abstract ideas or nouns
    óclach (young man) + -asóclachas (youth)
    muinter (family) + -asmuinteras (familiarity)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Rudolf Thurneysen, A Grammar of Old Irish (Dublin, 1946), §261

PortugueseEdit

SuffixEdit

-as

  1. forms the second-person singular present indicative of 1st conjugation verbs
    falar (to speak) + -asfalas (you speak)
  2. forms the second-person singular subjunctive present of 2nd and 3rd conjugation verbs
    correr (to run) + -ascorras (that you run)
  3. forms the second-person singular negative imperative of 2nd and 3rd conjugation verbs
    correr (to run) + -asnão corras (don’t run)

SpanishEdit

SuffixEdit

-as

  1. suffix indicating the second-person singular present indicative of -ar.
  2. suffix indicative the second-person singular present subjunctive of -er verbs and -ir verbs

See alsoEdit