Last modified on 14 December 2014, at 17:44

accidental

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

accidental (comparative more accidental, superlative most accidental)

  1. Happening by chance, or unexpectedly; taking place not according to the usual course of things; casual; fortuitous
    an accidental visit
  2. Nonessential; not necessary belonging; incidental
    are accidental to a play
  3. (music) Foreign to the key signature or a proper harmony.
  4. (geometry) Being a double point with two distinct tangent planes in 4-dimensional projective space.

Usage notesEdit

  • We speak of a thing as accidental when it falls out as by chance, and not in the regular course of things; as, an accidental meeting, an accidental advantage, etc.
  • We call a thing incidental when it falls, as it were, into some regular course of things, but is secondary, and forms no essential part thereof; as, an incidental remark, an incidental evil, an incidental benefit.
  • We speak of a thing as casual, when it falls out or happens, as it were, by mere chance, without being prearranged or premeditated; as, a casual remark or encounter; a casual observer. An idea of the unimportant is attached to what is casual.
  • Fortuitous is applied to what occurs without any known cause, and in opposition to what has been foreseen; as, a fortuitous concourse of atoms.
  • We call a thing contingent when it is such that, considered in itself, it may or may not happen, but is dependent for its existence on something else; as, the time of my coming will be contingent on intelligence yet to be received.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

accidental (plural accidentals)

  1. A property which is not essential; a nonessential; anything happening accidentally.
    • Fuller — He conceived it just that accidentals ... should sink with the substance of the accusation.
  2. (painting, plural only) Those fortuitous effects produced by luminous rays falling on certain objects so that some parts stand forth in abnormal brightness and other parts are cast into a deep shadow.
  3. (music) A sharp, flat, or natural, occurring not at the commencement of a piece of music as the signature, but before a particular note.

TranslationsEdit

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CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

accidental m, f (masculine and feminine plural accidentals)

  1. accidental

RomanianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

accidental mn nom/acc forms

  1. accidental

SpanishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

accidental m, f (plural accidentales)

  1. accidental

NounEdit

accidental m (plural accidentales)

  1. (music) accidental

SynonymsEdit