Last modified on 1 March 2015, at 13:14

accidental

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Anglo-Norman accidentel, Middle French accidentel, accidental, and their source, Late Latin accidentalis; corresponding to accident +‎ -al.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

accidental (comparative more accidental, superlative most accidental)

  1. Not essential; incidental, secondary. [from 14th c.]
  2. (philosophy) Nonessential to something's inherent nature (especially in Aristotelian thought). [from 14th c.]
  3. (music) Adjusted by one or two semitones, in temporary departure from the key signature. [from 16th c.]
  4. Occurring sometimes, by chance; occasional. [from 16th c.]
  5. Happening by chance, or unexpectedly; taking place not according to the usual course of things; by accident, unintentional. [from 16th c.]
    • 1603, John Florio, translating Michel de Montaigne, Essays, III.1:
      The way to trueth is but one and simple, that of particular profit and benefit of affaires a man hath in charge, double, uneven and accidentall [transl. fortuite].
  6. (geometry) Being a double point with two distinct tangent planes in 4-dimensional projective space.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

accidental (plural accidentals)

  1. A property which is not essential; a nonessential; anything happening accidentally.
    • Fuller — He conceived it just that accidentals ... should sink with the substance of the accusation.
  2. (painting, plural only) Those fortuitous effects produced by luminous rays falling on certain objects so that some parts stand forth in abnormal brightness and other parts are cast into a deep shadow.
  3. (music) A sharp, flat, or natural, occurring not at the commencement of a piece of music as the signature, but before a particular note.

TranslationsEdit

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CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

accidental m, f (masculine and feminine plural accidentals)

  1. accidental

RomanianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

accidental mn nom/acc forms

  1. accidental

SpanishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

accidental m, f (plural accidentales)

  1. nonessential
  2. accidental

NounEdit

accidental m (plural accidentales)

  1. (music) accidental

SynonymsEdit