Last modified on 27 November 2014, at 20:39

accident

EnglishEdit

A car after an accident (unintended event causing damage).
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EtymologyEdit

First attested in the late 14th century. First attested in reference to an unintended pregnancy in 1932. From Middle English, from Old French accident, from Latin accidēns, present active participle of accidō (happen); from ad (to) + cadō (fall). See cadence, case.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈæk.sə.dənt/, /ˈæk.sə.dɛnt/
  • (file)

NounEdit

accident (countable and uncountable, plural accidents)

  1. An unexpected event with negative consequences occurring without the intention of the one suffering the consequences.
    to die by an accident
  2. Any chance event.
  3. (uncountable) Chance.
    • c.1861-1863, Richard Chevenix Trench, in 1888, Letters and memorials, Volume 1,
      Thou cam'st not to thy place by accident, / It is the very place God meant for thee; []
    • 1991 Autumn, Robert M. Adams, “Montaigne”, American Scholar, volume 60, number 4, page 589: 
  4. (transport, vehicles) An unintended event such as a collision that causes damage or death.
    There was a huge accident on I5 involving 15 automobiles.   My insurance is expensive now, mostly because of those two accidents.
  5. Any property, fact, or relation that is the result of chance or is nonessential.
    • 1883, J. P. Mahaffy, Social life in Greece from Homer to Menander‎,
      This accident, as I call it, of Athens being situated some miles from the sea, which is rather the consequence of its being a very ancient site, []
    Beauty is an accident.
  6. (euphemistic) An instance of incontinence.
    • 2009, Marcia Stedron, My Roller Coaster Life as an Army Wife, Xlibris Corporation, ISBN 1462817890, page 56:
      We weren’t there long when Karin asked about our dog. When we told her Chris was in the car, she insisted we bring him up to the apartment. I rejected her offer and said he might have an accident on the carpet and I didn’t want to worry about it.
  7. (euphemistic) An unintended pregnancy.
  8. (philosophy, logic) A quality or attribute in distinction from the substance, as sweetness, softness.
    • 1902, William James, The Varieties of Religious Experience, Folio Society 2008, page 171:
      If they went through their growth-crisis in other faiths and other countries, although the essence of the change would be the same [] , its accidents would be different.
  9. (grammar) A property attached to a word, but not essential to it, as gender, number, case.
  10. (geology) An irregular surface feature with no apparent cause.
  11. (heraldry) A point or mark which may be retained or omitted in a coat of arms.
  12. (law) casus; such unforeseen, extraordinary, extraneous interference as is out of the range of ordinary calculation.
  13. (military) An unplanned event that results in injury (including death) or occupational illness to person(s) and/or damage to property, exclusive of injury and/or damage caused by action of an enemy or hostile force.
  14. (uncountable, philosophy, uncommon) Appearance, manifestation.
    • 14thC, Geoffrey Chaucer, The Pardoner's Prologue and Tale in The Canterbury Tales,
      These cookes how they stamp, and strain, and grind, / And turne substance into accident, / To fulfill all thy likerous talent!
    • 1677, Heraclitus Christianus: or, the Man of Sorrow, chapter 3, page 14:
      But as to Man, all the Fruits of the Earth, all sorts of Herbs, Plants and Roots, the Fishes of the Sea, and the Birds of the Air do not suffice him, but he must disguise, vary, and sophisticate, change the substance into accident, that by such irritations as these, Nature might be provoked, and as it were necessitated.
    • 1989, Iysa A. Bello, The medieval Islamic controversy between philosophy and orthodoxy, page 55:
      Nonetheless, those who have no evidence of the impossibility of the transformation of accident into substance believe that it is death itself which will be actually transformed into a ram on the Day of Resurrection and then be slaughtered.
    • 2005, Muhammad Ali Khalidi, Medieval Islamic philosophical writings, page 175:
      It would also follow that God ought to be able to transmute genera, converting substance into accident, knowledge into ability, black into white, and sound into smell, just as he can turn the inanimate into animate []
    • 2010, T. M. Rudavsky, Maimonides, page 142:
      nor can God effect the transmutation of substances (from accident into substance, or substance into accident, or substance without accident).

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

ReferencesEdit

  • Elisabetta Lonati, "Allas, the shorte throte, the tendre mouth": the sins of the mouth in The Canterbury Tales, in Thou sittest at another boke, volume 3 (2008, ISSN 1974-0603), page 253: "the cooks "turnen substance into accident" (Pd 539), transform the raw material, its natural essence, into the outward aspect by which it is known."
  • Barbara Fass Leavy, To Blight With Plague: Studies in a Literary Theme (1993), page 47:
    To turn substance into accident is to give external form to what previously was unformed, to transform spirit into matter, to reduce eternal truths to their ephemeral physical manifestations.

External linksEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin accident-, stem of accidēns, present active participle of accidō (happen).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Balearic) IPA(key): [əksiðént], [ətsiðént]
  • (Eastern Catalan) IPA(key): [əksiðén]
  • (Western Catalan) IPA(key): [aksíðént]

NounEdit

accident m (plural accidents)

  1. accident (a chance occurrence)
  2. (grammar) accident
  3. (music) accidental
  4. (logic) accident
  5. (transport) accident

Derived termsEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

accident m (plural accidents)

  1. accident

Derived termsEdit

External linksEdit


LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Form of the verb accidō (I fall down upon).

VerbEdit

accident

  1. third-person plural future active indicative of accidō

Etymology 2Edit

Form of the verb accīdō (I cut down).

VerbEdit

accīdent

  1. third-person plural future active indicative of accīdō

Middle FrenchEdit

NounEdit

accident m (plural accidens)

  1. accident (unexpected outcome)

Old FrenchEdit

NounEdit

accident m (oblique plural accidenz or accidentz, nominative singular accidenz or accidentz, nominative plural accident)

  1. accident (chance occurrence)
  2. symptom (medical)

DescendantsEdit