Last modified on 9 August 2014, at 16:30

EnglishEdit

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Beeswax

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English wæx, from Proto-Germanic *wahsą, from Proto-Indo-European *wokso-. Cognate with Dutch was, German Wachs, Norwegian voks; and with Lithuanian vaškas, Russian воск (vosk)

NounEdit

wax (countable and uncountable, plural waxes)

  1. Beeswax.
  2. Earwax.
    What rôle does the wax in your earhole fulfill?
  3. Any oily, water-resistant substance; normally long-chain hydrocarbons, alcohols or esters.
  4. Any preparation containing wax, used as a polish.
  5. A phonograph record.
  6. (US, dialect) A thick syrup made by boiling down the sap of the sugar maple and then cooling it.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

AdjectiveEdit

wax (not comparable)

  1. Made of wax.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 10, The Mirror and the Lamp:
      He looked round the poor room, at the distempered walls, and the bad engravings in meretricious frames, the crinkly paper and wax flowers on the chiffonier; and he thought of a room like Father Bryan's, with panelling, with cut glass, with tulips in silver pots, such a room as he had hoped to have for his own.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

See under the noun section above

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

wax (third-person singular simple present waxes, present participle waxing, simple past and past participle waxed)

  1. (transitive) To apply wax to (something, such as a shoe, a floor, a car, or an apple), usually to make it shiny.
  2. (transitive) To remove hair at the roots from (a part of the body) by coating the skin with a film of wax that is then pulled away sharply.
  3. (transitive, informal) To defeat utterly.
  4. (transitive, slang) To kill, especially to murder a person.
    • 2005, David L. Robbins, Liberation Road: A Novel of World War II and the Red Ball Express, page 83:
      "I was reassigned over from the 9th when the battalion CO got waxed on the road leading in." Ben kept his dismay to himself. Here was one more officer in the 90th who'd been on the job only hours or days, replacing commanders killed or wounded....
    • 2009, Dean R. Koontz and Ed Gorman, Dean Koontz's Frankenstein: City of Night, ISBN 9780553593334, p. 106:
      "You telling me you know who really waxed him and your mom?" / "Yeah," she lied. / "Just who pulled the trigger or who ordered it to be pulled?"
  5. (transitive, archaic, usually of a musical or oral performance) To record. [from 1900]
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English waxen, from Old English weaxan (to wax, grow, be fruitful, increase, become powerful, flourish), from Proto-Germanic *wahsijaną (to grow), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂weg-, *weks-, *aweks-, *auks- (to grow, increase). Cognate with Scots wax (to grow), West Frisian waakse (to grow), Low German wassen, Dutch wassen (to grow), German wachsen (to grow), Danish and Norwegian vokse (to grow), Swedish växa (to grow), Icelandic vaxa (to grow), Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐌷𐍃𐌾𐌰𐌽 (wahsjan, to grow); and with Ancient Greek ἀέξειν (aéksein), Latin auxilium. It is in its turn cognate with augeo. See eke.

VerbEdit

wax (third-person singular simple present waxes, present participle waxing, simple past waxed or (archaic) wex, past participle waxed or (dialectal, archaic) waxen)

  1. (intransitive, with adjective) To increasingly assume the specified characteristic, become.
    to wax lyrical;  to wax eloquent;  to wax wode
    • 1885, H. Rider Haggard, King Solomon's Mines, page 72:
      The stars grew pale and paler still till at last they vanished ; the golden moon waxed wan, and her mountain ridges stood out against her sickly face.
  2. (intransitive, literary) To grow.
    • 1602, William Shakespeare, Hamlet, act 1, sc. 3, lines 11-14,
      For nature, crescent, does not grow alone / In thews and bulks, but, as this temple waxes, / The inward service of the mind and soul / Grows wide withal.
    • 1922, Michael Arlen, “Ep./1/1”, in “Piracy”: A Romantic Chronicle of These Days:
      And so it had always pleased M. Stutz to expect great things from the dark young man whom he had first seen in his early twenties ; and his expectations had waxed rather than waned on hearing the faint bruit of the love of Ivor and Virginia—for Virginia, M. Stutz thought, would bring fineness to a point in a man like Ivor Marlay, […].
  3. (intransitive, of the moon) To appear larger each night as a progression from a new moon to a full moon.
Usage notesEdit
SynonymsEdit
  • (to assume specified characteristic): become
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

wax (uncountable)

  1. (rare) The process of growing.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Origin uncertain; probably from phrases like to wax angry, wax wode, and similar (see Etymology 2, above).

NounEdit

wax (plural waxes)

  1. (dated, colloquial) An outburst of anger.
    • 1970, John Glassco, Memoirs of Montparnasse, New York 2007, p. 161:
      ‘That's him to a T,’ she would murmur; or, ‘Just wait till he reads this’; or, ‘Ah, won't that put him in a wax!’
Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit