Last modified on 29 November 2014, at 04:20

assume

See also: assumé

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin assūmō (accept, take), from ad- (to, towards, at) + sūmō (take up, assume).

VerbEdit

assume (third-person singular simple present assumes, present participle assuming, simple past and past participle assumed)

  1. To authenticate by means of belief; to surmise; to suppose to be true, especially without proof.
    We assume that, as her parents were dentists, she knows quite a bit about dentistry.
    • 2013 June 14, Jonathan Freedland, “Obama's once hip brand is now tainted”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 1, page 18: 
      Where we once sent love letters in a sealed envelope, or stuck photographs of our children in a family album, now such private material is despatched to servers and clouds operated by people we don't know and will never meet. Perhaps we assume that our name, address and search preferences will be viewed by some unseen pair of corporate eyes, probably not human, and don't mind that much.
  2. To take on a position, duty or form.
    Mr. Jones will assume the position of a lifeguard until a proper replacement is found.
    • Alexander Pope (1688-1744)
      Trembling they stand while Jove assumes the throne.
    • 1893, Walter Besant, “Prologue”, in The Ivory Gate:
      Such a scandal as the prosecution of a brother for forgery—with a verdict of guilty—is a most truly horrible, deplorable, fatal thing. It takes the respectability out of a family perhaps at a critical moment, when the family is just assuming the robes of respectability: [] it is a black spot which all the soaps ever advertised could never wash off.
    • 2012 August 5, Nathan Rabin, “TV: Review: THE SIMPSONS (CLASSIC): “I Love Lisa” (season 4, episode 15; originally aired 02/11/1993)”:
      So while Ralph generally seems to inhabit a different, more glorious and joyful universe than everyone else here his yearning and heartbreak are eminently relateable. Ralph sometimes appears to be a magically demented sprite who has assumed the form of a boy, but he’s never been more poignantly, nakedly, movingly human than he is here.
  3. To take on in appearance; to adopt (a feigned attribute, etc.).
  4. To receive or adopt.
    • Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832)
      The sixth was a young knight of lesser renown and lower rank, assumed into that honorable company.
  5. To adopt an idea or cause.

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

assume

  1. first-person singular present indicative of assumer
  2. third-person singular present indicative of assumer
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of assumer
  4. second-person singular imperative of assumer

AnagramsEdit


ItalianEdit

VerbEdit

assume

  1. third-person singular present indicative of assumere

LatinEdit

VerbEdit

assūme

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of assūmō

PortugueseEdit

VerbEdit

assume

  1. third-person singular present indicative of assumir