FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Old French es-, from Latin ex-, ē-.

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

é-

  1. prefix indicating away, moving away from; sometimes used as an intensifier, for example in écru

Derived termsEdit


Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *an-, from Proto-Indo-European *n̥-.

PrefixEdit

é-

  1. Alternative form of an- (un-, non-)
    é- + ‎trom (heavy) → ‎étrum (light, literally unheavy)
    é- + ‎cubus (conscience) → ‎écubus (bad faith, literally non-conscience)
    é- + ‎cosmail (like, similar) → ‎écsamail (dissimilar, different)

Usage notesEdit

Used before c and t, which undergo eclipsis (nasalization) to be pronounced /ɡ/ and /d/. However, the basic form an- is also sometimes found in this context.[1]

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Irish: éa-

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Thurneysen, Rudolf (1940, reprinted 2003)D. A. Binchy and Osborn Bergin, transl., A Grammar of Old Irish, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, →ISBN, § 872, page 544