English edit

 
An ai, Bradypus tridactylus

Etymology 1 edit

Originated 1685–95, from Brazilian Portuguese , from Old Tupi.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ai (plural ais or ai)

  1. A type of three-toed sloth, Bradypus tridactylus, endemic to forests of southern Venezuela, the Guianas, and northern Brazil.
Synonyms edit

See also edit

  • unau (two-toed sloth)

References edit

Further reading edit

Etymology 2 edit

Contraction of aight (which itself is a contraction of all right).

Pronunciation edit

Contraction edit

ai

  1. (slang, US) All right.
    Ai, let's go.

Anagrams edit

Akei edit

Noun edit

ai

  1. water

References edit

  • Sidney Herbert Ray, A comparative study of the Melanesian Island languages (1926), page 351

Albanian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Albanian *a-ei (compound of proclitic particle a and ei), from Proto-Indo-European *ís (he, this (one)). Compare Latin is, German er, Lithuanian jìs, Sanskrit अयम् (ayám)).

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

ai m sg (accusative atë, dative atij, ablative atij)

  1. he

Declension edit

See also edit

Pronoun edit

ai

  1. that

Declension edit

Amblong edit

Noun edit

ai

  1. water

Further reading edit

  • Darrell T. Tryon, New Hebrides languages: an internal classification (1976)

Angal Enen edit

Noun edit

ai

  1. banana

References edit

  • transnewguinea.org, citing Franklin KJ. 1975. Comments on Proto-Engan. In SA Wurm, Ed. New Guinea Area Languages and Language Study: Papuan languages and the New Guinea linguistic scene. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics, pp. 263-275.'

Apalaí edit

Noun edit

ai

  1. penis

Araki edit

 
ai

Etymology edit

From Proto-Oceanic *waiʀ, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *waiʀ, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *waiʀ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *wahiʀ.

Noun edit

ai

  1. water (clear liquid H₂O)
  2. river, lake

References edit

Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

ai

  1. ouch (pain), ooh (pain)

Noun edit

ai m (plural ais)

  1. ooh (pain)

Chuukese edit

Determiner edit

ai

  1. First person singular general possessive; my (used with general-class objects)

Related terms edit

Corsican edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈaj/
  • Hyphenation: ai

Verb edit

ai

  1. second-person singular indicative present of avè

References edit

  • avè” in Aiaccinu: Cunghjugatori corsu

Dadibi edit

Noun edit

ạị

  1. water

Synonyms edit

References edit

Dubu edit

Noun edit

ai

  1. water

Further reading edit

Dutch edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Portuguese ai, from Old Tupi ai.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ai m (plural ais)

  1. pale-throated sloth, Bradypus tridactylus
    Synonym: drievingerige luiaard

Estonian edit

Interjection edit

ai

  1. ow, ouch

Synonyms edit

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

Compare Estonian ai, Ingrian ai, Karelian ai, Ludian ai, Veps ai, Votic ai, and Swedish aj, Norwegian aj, Latvian aj. Perhaps natural; tracing an origin is practically impossible.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑi̯/, [ˈɑ̝i̯]
  • Rhymes: -ɑi
  • Syllabification(key): ai

Interjection edit

ai

  1. ouch!
  2. oh!
    Ai, se olitkin sinä!
    Oh, it was you!
  3. (colloquial, interrogative particle) Oh? As in...?
    "Käytkö kaupassa?" "Ai, ruokakaupassa?"
    "Will you go to the shop?" "Oh, the food shop?"

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

ai

  1. first-person singular present indicative of avoir
    J’ai un chien.
    I have a dog.

Anagrams edit

Friulian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin allium.

Noun edit

ai m (plural ais)

  1. garlic

Galician edit

Etymology edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese ay (attested since the 13th century).

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

ai

  1. ouch! expresses pain
  2. ooh! expresses pain
  3. oh! expresses concern
    • 1812, Antonio Benito Fandiño, A Casamenteira:
      Ai tontiño, porque iñoras
      o qu’he mantér casa e vida,
      que por ben que estea sortida,
      hai faltas a todas horas.
      O segundo, que teu pai
      pensa com’home de ben,
      e así por vergonza ten
      unha nora que non trai.
      Orasme, sobr’esto hai,
      que a dous parizós que teña,
      non tendes donde vos veña,
      cando ela non colla un mal.
      Oh, silly, because you don't know
      what it is to keep house and life,
      no matter how well stocked it is,
      there's lack at all hours.
      Second, your father
      thinks like a good man,
      and to his shame he has
      a daughter-in-law who doesn't bear.
      However, on this matter,
      with just two childbirths that she has,
      you'll be left resourceless,
      and that if she doesn't get sick.

References edit

  • ay” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • ai” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • ai” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • ai” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Galoli edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kahiw.

Noun edit

ai

  1. tree
  2. wood

Gilbertese edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Oceanic *api, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *api, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *apuy, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *hapuy, from Proto-Austronesian *Sapuy.

Noun edit

ai

  1. fire

Gun edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Gbe *a-yĩ́ (earth). Cognates include Fon ayǐ, Saxwe Gbe nyixɔ́, Adja anyi. Perhaps related to Yoruba ayé

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(plural aí lẹ́) (Nigeria)

  1. ground

Derived terms edit

Hawaiian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Polynesian *qai, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *qasiq.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈai̯/, [ˈɐj], [ˈɛj] (rapid speech)

Verb edit

ai

  1. to have sexual intercourse; to copulate

Hiri Motu edit

Pronoun edit

ai

  1. 1st-person plural pronoun exclusive: we, us (but not you)

See also edit

Iban edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayic *air, Proto-Malayo-Chamic *air, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *wahiʀ.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ai

  1. water

Further reading edit

  • Adelaar, K. A. (1992) Proto-Malayic: The reconstruction of its phonology and parts of its lexicon and morphology[2], Canberra: The Australian National University
  • Asmah Haji Omar (1977), “The Iban Language”, in The Sarawak Museum Journal, volume XXV, issue 46, pages 81-100
  • Smith, A. (2017) The Languages of Borneo: A Comprehensive Classification, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa

Ingrian edit

Etymology edit

Ultimately a natural sound. Compare Finnish ai and Estonian ai.

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

ai

  1. Exclamation of pain or frustration: ouch! oh!
    ai voioh-oh

References edit

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 5

Italian edit

Alternative forms edit

  • a' (truncation)

Pronunciation edit

Contraction edit

ai

  1. contraction of a i; to the, at the

Anagrams edit

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

ai

  1. Rōmaji transcription of あい
  2. Rōmaji transcription of アイ

Kalasha edit

Pronoun edit

ai

  1. Alternative spelling of ábi (sense 1).

Kendayan edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayic *air, Proto-Malayo-Chamic *air, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *wahiʀ.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ai

  1. water

Further reading edit

  • Smith, A. (2017) The Languages of Borneo: A Comprehensive Classification, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa

Kott edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Yeniseian *axʷ (I). Compare Assan aj (I), Arin aj (I), and Pumpokol ad (I).

Pronoun edit

ai

  1. I (first-person singular subjective)

Related terms edit

Kriol edit

Etymology 1 edit

From English eye.

Noun edit

ai

  1. eye
  2. headlight of a car
  3. seed

Etymology 2 edit

From English I.

Pronoun edit

ai

  1. I

Etymology 3 edit

From English high.

Adjective edit

ai

  1. high, tall

Kuna edit

Noun edit

ai

  1. friend

Ladin edit

Etymology edit

a +‎ i

Contraction edit

ai

  1. at or to the (+ plural noun)

Ladino edit

Adverb edit

ai (Latin spelling, Hebrew spellingאאי⁩)

  1. Alternative form of

Latin edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

ai

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of āiō

References edit

  • ai”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ai”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[3], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • do you think so? are you in earnest: ain tu?

Latvian edit

Interjection edit

ai

  1. ouch!
  2. oh!

Leti (Indonesia) edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *apuy, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *hapuy, from Proto-Austronesian *Sapuy.

Noun edit

ai

  1. fire

Lithuanian edit

Etymology edit

Compare Russian ой (oj, ow!).

Pronunciation edit

ái: IPA(key): /a͡ɪ/

aĩ: IPA(key): /ɐ͡ɪ/

Interjection edit

ái! or aĩ!

  1. ow!, ah!, (expresses pain, fear or surprise)
  2. oi!, hey! (used to attract someone's attention)

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Lombard edit

Noun edit

ai

  1. Alternative form of aj (garlic)

Manchu edit

Romanization edit

ai

  1. Romanization of ᠠᡳ

Mandarin edit

Romanization edit

ai

  1. Nonstandard spelling of āi.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of ái.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of ǎi.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of ài.

Usage notes edit

  • Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.

Mbyá Guaraní edit

Adjective edit

ai

  1. (to be) bitter

Conjugation edit

Noun edit

ai

  1. wound, injury

Middle English edit

Pronoun edit

ai

  1. Alternative form of þei (they)

Naga Pidgin edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Assamese আই (ai).

Noun edit

ai

  1. mother, mom

Norman edit

Verb edit

ai

  1. (Guernsey) first-person singular present indicative of aver

North Frisian edit

Adverb edit

ai

  1. (Mooring) not

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Interjection edit

ai

  1. used to express surprise

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Interjection edit

ai

  1. used to express surprise

References edit

Occitan edit

Verb edit

ai

  1. first-person singular present indicative of aver

Okinawan edit

Romanization edit

ai

  1. Rōmaji transcription of あい

Pitjantjatjara edit

Interjection edit

ai

  1. huh
  2. geez
  3. what
  4. hey

References edit

  • "ai" in Cliff Goddard (1992) Pitjantjatjara/Yankunytjatjara to English Dictionary, 2nd edition
  • Ninti Ngapartji

Pohnpeian edit

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

ai

  1. no way!

Portuguese edit

Pronunciation edit

  • Rhymes: -aj
  • Hyphenation: ai

Interjection edit

ai

  1. ouch (expression of physical pain)
    Ai! Pisei um prego!Ouch! I stepped on a nail!
  2. oh (expression of concern)

Derived terms edit

Rapa Nui edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Polynesian *hai. Cognates include Tongan hai and Maori wai.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈa.i/
  • Hyphenation: a‧i

Pronoun edit

ai

  1. who?

References edit

  • Paulus Kieviet (2017) A grammar of Rapa Nui[4], Berlin: Language Science Press, →ISBN, page 404

Rohingya edit

Verb edit

ai

  1. come

Romanian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Article edit

ai (masculine plural possessive)

  1. of
    Niște prieteni ai lui sunt interesanți.
    Some friends of his are interesting.
See also edit
  • al (masculine/neuter singular)
  • a (feminine singular)
  • ale (feminine/neuter plural)

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin allium / alium.

Noun edit

ai m (uncountable)

  1. (regional) garlic
    Synonym: usturoi
Declension edit
Derived terms edit
See also edit

Etymology 3 edit

Inflected form of avea (to have).

Verb edit

ai

  1. second-person singular present indicative of avea
    (you) have
    Ai vreun prieten în România?
    Do you have any friends in Romania?
  2. inflection of avea:
    1. second-person singular present subjunctive
    2. second-person singular imperative

Etymology 4 edit

From an old or proto-Romanian form ae, from Latin habēs.[1]

Verb edit

ai

  1. (tu) ai (modal auxiliary, second-person singular form of avea, used with past participles to form perfect compus tenses)
    (you) have...
Related terms edit

Etymology 5 edit

Probably from a Vulgar Latin *eas, from Latin habēbās.

Verb edit

(tu) ai (modal auxiliary, second-person singular form of avea, used with infinitives to form conditional tenses)

  1. (you) would
    Ai fi murit dacă ți-aș fi spus.
    You would have died if I'd told you.
Related terms edit

References edit

Seri edit

Etymology 1 edit

Noun edit

ai (plural aaita)

  1. his father
Declension edit
Derived terms edit
  • queaa (to have as father)

Etymology 2 edit

Adverb edit

ai

  1. (rare) still (used with nominalized third person verbs)

References edit

  • Moser, Mary B.; Marlett, Stephen A. (2010) Comcaac quih yaza quih hant ihiip hac: cmiique iitom - cocsar iitom - maricaana iitom [Seri-Spanish-English Dictionary], 2nd edition, Hermosillo: Plaza y Valdés Editores, →ISBN, page 43.

Sranan Tongo edit

Alternative forms edit

  • ay (unofficial)

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From English eye.

Noun edit

ai

  1. eye

Etymology 2 edit

From English aye, ay.

Interjection edit

ai

  1. yes

Sumbawa edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *wair, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *wahiʀ.

Noun edit

ai

  1. water

References edit

Tày edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ai ()

  1. Synonym of cò niêng

References edit

  • Hoàng Văn Ma; Lục Văn Pảo; Hoàng Chí (2006) Từ điển Tày-Nùng-Việt [Tay-Nung-Vietnamese dictionary] (in Vietnamese), Hanoi: Nhà xuất bản Từ điển Bách khoa Hà Nội
  • Lương Bèn (2011) Từ điển Tày-Việt [Tay-Vietnamese dictionary]‎[5][6] (in Vietnamese), Thái Nguyên: Nhà Xuất bản Đại học Thái Nguyên
  • Lục Văn Pảo; Hoàng Tuấn Nam (2003), Hoàng Triều Ân, editor, Từ điển chữ Nôm Tày [A Dictionary of (chữ) Nôm Tày]‎[7] (in Vietnamese), Hanoi: Nhà xuất bản Khoa học Xã hội

Tetum edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kahiw, compare Tagalog kahoy.

Noun edit

ai

  1. tree
  2. wood

Tok Pisin edit

This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Etymology edit

From English eye.

Noun edit

ai

  1. (anatomy) eye
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 3:5:
      Sapos yutupela i kaikai pikinini bilong dispela diwai, bai ai bilong yutupela i op na yutupela i kisim save long wanem samting i gutpela, na wanem samting i nogut, na bai yutupela i kamap wankain olsem God. God i save long dispela, olsem na em i tambuim yutupela long kaikai pikinini bilong dispela diwai.”
      →New International Version translation
  2. hole, opening, lid
  3. tip

Derived terms edit

Tokelauan edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈa.i]
  • Hyphenation: a‧i

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *hai. Cognates include Hawaiian ai and Samoan ai.

Pronoun edit

ai

  1. who?

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *ai. Cognates include Hawaiian ai and Samoan ai.

Particle edit

ai

  1. Anaphoric particle used to refer to an adverbial clause; there, then
Derived terms edit

References edit

  • R. Simona, editor (1986) Tokelau Dictionary[8], Auckland: Office of Tokelau Affairs, page 1

Torres Strait Creole edit

Etymology 1 edit

From English I.

Pronoun edit

ai

  1. I (see also mi)

Etymology 2 edit

From English eye.

Noun edit

ai

  1. eye

Venetian edit

Noun edit

ai

  1. plural of aio

Vietnamese edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Vietic *ʔeː (who). Cognate with Tho [Cuối Chăm] ʔeː¹.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

ai ()

  1. who
    Bạnai?
    Who are you?
    Ai (mà) biết.
    Who knows? / How should I know?
  2. whoever
  3. someone else
  4. one, a person
    • 2005, Nguyễn Ngọc Tư, "Cuối mùa nhan sắc" (in Cánh đồng bất tận), Trẻ publishing house
      Người ở chùa, người bán vé số, người ngủ công viên, người hát rong, ít ai có nhà để về.
      Some live at the temple, some sell lottery tickets, some sleep in parks, some play music in the streets; few have a home to go back to.
  5. (rhetorical) nobody

Usage notes edit

  • The interrogative pronoun ai is used for a person. When ai functions as the subject of the question, it is placed at the beginning of the question.
Ai có ô tô?Who has a car?
  • When functioning as the predicate, it can either follow or predate the linking verb .
Hải là ai?Who is Hải?
Ai là Hải?Who is Hải?
  • When functioning as the object, it is placed after the verb.
Nga vẽ ai?Whom is Nga drawing?

See also edit

Derived terms

Further reading edit

Volapük edit

Adverb edit

ai

  1. always
  2. at all times
  3. constantly (habitually)
  4. ever (always)
  5. habitually

Antonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Welsh edit

Etymology edit

May derive from a (interrogative particle) +‎ yw (is, are) or from or via the synonymous ae.

Pronunciation edit

Particle edit

ai

  1. interrogative particle (used when a non-verbal element is fronted for emphasis)
    Synonym: ife
    Ai ef yw dy dad?
    Is he your father?
  2. whether, if (used when the subordinate clause has a non-verbal element fronted for emphasis)
    Ni wn ai ef yw dy dad.
    I do not know whether he is your father.

Usage notes edit

  • Used before a non-verbal element fronted for emphasis. Unemphatic initial verbs, on the other hand, employ the interrogative particle a.
  • This word is found in formal language. As an initial interrogative particle, it is often dropped altogether in colloquial language or replaced with ife in some southern dialects.
  • Likewise, with the meaning "whether", this may be dropped colloquially. An alternative construction influenced by English is to replaced the ai with os (if) followed by the appropriate dialect-specific indicating an emphatic subordinate clause, namely taw in south Wales and mai or na in the north.

References edit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “ai”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

West Makian edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

ai

  1. (intransitive) to come back, return
  2. (intransitive) to depart
    naai sito?where did you depart from?

Conjugation edit

Conjugation of ai (action verb)
singular plural
inclusive exclusive
1st person taai maai aai
2nd person naai faai
3rd person inanimate iai daai
animate
imperative naai, ai faai, ai

References edit

  • Clemens Voorhoeve (1982) The Makian languages and their neighbours[9], Pacific linguistics (as ay)

Yami edit

Noun edit

ai

  1. (anatomy) foot

Ye'kwana edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Cariban [Term?]. Compare Apalaí ae, Hixkaryana yaye, Macushi yapai, and Waiwai yay.

Pronunciation edit

Postposition edit

ai

  1. through, by; indicates motion by way of a non-aquatic object of class 1

Usage notes edit

A possessed noun that is the object of this postposition does not take the possessed suffix -dü. The postposition can thus combine with nouns referring to body parts and parts of objects to form more complex postpositions/relational nouns.

See also edit

References edit

  • Cáceres, Natalia (2011) Grammaire Fonctionnelle-Typologique du Ye’kwana[10], Lyon, page 267–272

Zou edit

 
Ai.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ái

  1. crab

References edit

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, page 40