HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Of unknown origin.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ ˈyl]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -yl

VerbEdit

ül

  1. (intransitive) to sit, to be in a sitting position
  2. (transitive, informal) to serve time
    Tíz évet ült gyilkosságért.He served 10 years for murder.
  3. (transitive, intransitive, of a feeling or quality) to appear, to be there
    Szomorúság ült a szemében.There was sadness in her eyes.
    Csend ült a szobára.There was silence in the room.
  4. (transitive, with an explicit object, literary) to celebrate, feast
  5. (informal) hit home, strike a chord (to get the desired effect, as of a joke)

Usage notesEdit

This verb implies ongoing state. To describe a change in state, use the derived verbs leül (to sit down), as in a change from standing to sitting, or felül (to sit up), as in a change from lying down or slouching to sitting.

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

(With verbal prefixes):

Expressions

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN

Further readingEdit

  • (to sit): ül in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.
  • (to celebrate): ül in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.