(Redirected from ̅)

◌̅ U+0305, ̅
Combining Diacritical Marks ◌̆
U+203E, ‾

General Punctuation
See also: ◌̿, ◌̲, and ◌̳

Translingual Edit

Description Edit

A horizontal line to be placed above letters and digits. It connects to itself on either side if it's also placed over those letters.

Punctuation mark Edit


  1. Used in some languages to mark abbreviations.
    Ι̅Σ̅ Χ̅Σ̅, a Greek abbreviation of Jesus Christ.

Diacritical mark Edit


  1. (mathematics) Drawn over repeating digits.
    12 ÷ 7 = 1.7̅1̅4̅2̅8̅5̅ = 1.714285714285714285...
  2. (geometry) Drawn over letters which represent a line segment.
    segment A̅B̅ has the same length as segment C̅D̅
  3. (physics) Used to denote antiparticles.
    p (proton); p̅ (antiproton)
  4. (mathematics) Indicates the complex conjugate of a complex number.
    = i̅y̅ = xiy
  5. (statistics) Used to mark the mean of a sample.
  6. (Roman numerals) Multiplies the value of a group of digits by one thousand.
    IV — four; I̅V̅ — four thousand; I̿V̿ — four million
  7. (Greek numerals) In Byzantine Greek and in Coptic, converts a letter into a digit. E.g. κ̅ (modern κʹ) '20'.
  8. (phonetics) marks a string of syllables or segments with high pitch. Compare ˹ ... ˺.
  9. (actuarial notation) Used to indicate continuous payments.
    n̅|n-year annuity payable continuously

See also Edit

  • ◌̄ (macron, a diacritic over a single letter that does not join to itself.)

Further reading Edit