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¯ U+00AF, ¯
MACRON
®
[U+00AE]
Latin-1 Supplement °
[U+00B0]
◌̄ U+0304, ̄
COMBINING MACRON
◌̃
[U+0303]
Combining Diacritical Marks ◌̅
[U+0305]
U+FFE3,  ̄
FULLWIDTH MACRON

[U+FFE2]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FFE4]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

DescriptionEdit

A horizontal line to be placed above other characters. Also known as an upperscore.

Diacritical markEdit

¯

  1. (linguistics) Used to indicate mid tone.
  2. See for the overline, which is used in mathematics.

Usage notesEdit

In English, this is called macron.

See alsoEdit

  • (a line above, used to mark repeating digits)

JapaneseEdit

Diacritical markEdit

¯

  1. A diacritical mark of the Latin script, called マクロン (macron) in Japanese, and found on Ā/ā, Ē/ē, Ī/ī, Ō/ō and Ū/ū.

Usage notesEdit

In a number of romanization systems of Japanese, particularly Hepburn, the macron indicates that a vowel is a long vowel.

Other romanization systems, particularly Kunrei-shiki, use the circumflex (^) for that purpose.


LatinEdit

Diacritical markEdit

¯

  1. A diacritical mark of the Latin script, called signum productionis (macron) in Latin, and found on Ā/ā, Ē/ē, Ī/ī, Ō/ō and Ū/ū. (used in grammars and dictionaries)

See alsoEdit

  • ˘ (signum correptionis)

LatvianEdit

Diacritical markEdit

¯

  1. A diacritical mark of the Latin script, called garumzīme (macron) in Latvian, and found on Ā/ā, Ē/ē, Ī/ī and Ū/ū.

Usage notesEdit

  • Used to mark long vowels: ā = [aː], ē = [ɛː] or [æː], ī = [iː], ū = [uː].
  • For a short while (1908-1919), it was also used with the letter o (ō) to mark long [oː] in words of foreign origin, but this usage has since then been abandoned.
  • Letters with macrons are considered as separate letters with different names, and listed in the alphabet after the same letters without macron (i.e., ā after a, ē after e, ī after i, and ū after u). In actual practice, however, letters with and without macrons are treated as the same letter in alphabetized lists (e.g., in dictionaries), unlike letters with cedillas (ģ, ķ, ļ, ņ) or háčeks (č, š, ž), which are kept separate in alphabetized lists.

MandarinEdit

Diacritical markEdit

¯

  1. A diacritical mark of the Latin script, called 長音符號 (macron) in Mandarin, and found on Ā/ā, Ē/ē, Ī/ī, Ō/ō, Ū/ū and Ǖ/ǖ.