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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek μακρόν (makrón), neuter form of μακρός (makrós, long) (English macro-).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Examples
  • Latin pōpulus (poplar tree, indicates vowel length)
  • Mandarin chūzūchē (taxi, indicates first tone)

macron (plural macrons or macra)

  1. (orthography) A short, straight, horizontal diacritical mark (¯) placed over any of various letters, usually to indicate that the pronunciation of a vowel is long. [from 19th c.]
    Antonyms: breve, micron
    Coordinate terms: solidus, vinculum
    • 1889, Rebecca S[mith] Pollard, A Complete Manual: Pollard’s Synthetic Method of Reading and Spelling. Designed to Accompany Synthetic Readers and Spellers, New York, N.Y.: American Book Company, OCLC 18708150, page 75:
      We say such words belong to a Long family, because of the long macron hat the vowels wear. Like the other twin o's, one hat is enough for both, for these twins are always found together.
    • 1974, Floyd L. Moreland & Rita M. Fleischer, Latin: An Intensive Course, University of California Press, page 13:
      A macron is a mark placed above a long vowel to mark its quantity.
    • 1986, Peter V. Jones; Keith C. Sidwell, “Introduction”, in Reading Latin, volume 1 (Grammar, Vocabulary and Exercises), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 2, general note 1:
      All vowels are pronounced short unless marked with a ¯ (macron) over them. So observe different vowel length of ‘i ’ in, e.g., fīlia, etc. It may be helpful, but is not essential, to mark macra in your exercises.

Usage notesEdit

The plural macra is rare.

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈmaː.krɔn/
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EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek μακρόν (makrón), neuter form of μακρός (makrós, long).

NounEdit

macron m (plural macrons, diminutive macrontje n)

  1. (orthography) macron

HypernymsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

macron m (plural macrons)

  1. macron

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek

NounEdit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

macron m (invariable)

  1. macron