- (Received Pronunciation) enPR: măkʹrŏn, mākʹrŏn, IPA(key): /ˈmækɹɒn/, /ˈmeɪkɹɒn/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈmeɪkɹɑn/, /ˈmækɹɑn/
- Hyphenation: ma‧cron
- (orthography) A short, straight, horizontal diacritical mark (¯) placed over any of various letters, usually to indicate that the pronunciation of a vowel is long. [from 19th c.]
- 1889, Rebecca S[mith] Pollard, A Complete Manual: Pollard’s Synthetic Method of Reading and Spelling. Designed to Accompany Synthetic Readers and Spellers, New York, N.Y.: American Book Company, OCLC 18708150, page 75:
- We say such words belong to a Long family, because of the long macron hat the vowels wear. Like the other twin o's, one hat is enough for both, for these twins are always found together.
- 1974, Floyd L. Moreland & Rita M. Fleischer, Latin: An Intensive Course, University of California Press, page 13:
- A macron is a mark placed above a long vowel to mark its quantity.
- 1986, Peter V. Jones; Keith C. Sidwell, “Introduction”, in Reading Latin, volume 1 (Grammar, Vocabulary and Exercises), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 2, general note 1:
- All vowels are pronounced short unless marked with a ¯ (macron) over them. So observe different vowel length of ‘i ’ in, e.g., fīlia, etc. It may be helpful, but is not essential, to mark macra in your exercises.
The plural macra is rare.
short, straight, horizontal diacritical mark
- “macron” in The Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989, →ISBN.
- macron on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
From Ancient Greek
macron m (plural macrons)