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See also: macrón, mácron, and Macron

Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

 
The word China written in Mandarin Pinyin (blue), Tongyong Pinyin (orange), traditional Chinese characters (red), and simplified Chinese characters (green). The macron above the o in the word Zhōng indicates that it is pronounced with the first tone.

From Ancient Greek μακρόν (makrón), neuter form of μακρός (makrós, long) (English macro-).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

macron (plural macrons or macra)

  1. (orthography) A short, straight, horizontal diacritical mark (¯) placed over any of various letters. It usually is used to indicate that the pronunciation of a vowel is long; in Mandarin Pinyin (Chinese), it indicates the first tone, e.g., chūzūchē.
    • 1889, Rebecca S[mith] Pollard, A Complete Manual: Pollard’s Synthetic Method of Reading and Spelling. Designed to Accompany Synthetic Readers and Spellers, New York, N.Y.: American Book Company, OCLC 18708150, page 75:
      We say such words belong to a Long family, because of the long macron hat the vowels wear. Like the other twin o's, one hat is enough for both, for these twins are always found together.
    • 1986, Peter V. Jones; Keith C. Sidwell, “Introduction”, in Reading Latin, volume 1 (Grammar, Vocabulary and Exercises), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-28622-0, page 2, general note 1:
      All vowels are pronounced short unless marked with a ¯ (macron) over them. So observe different vowel length of ‘i ’ in, e.g., fīlia, etc. It may be helpful, but is not essential, to mark macra in your exercises.

Usage notesEdit

The plural macra is rare.

AntonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek μακρόν (makrón), neuter form of μακρός (makrós, long).

NounEdit

macron m (plural macrons, diminutive macrontje n)

  1. (orthography) macron

HypernymEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

NounEdit

macron m (plural macrons)

  1. macron

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek

NounEdit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

macron m (invariable)

  1. macron