See also: Segment

English

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A line segment.
 
A geometric segment, lower right.
 
A display composed of seven segments, the dot doesn't count.

Etymology

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From Latin segmentum (a piece cut off, a strip, segment of the earth, a strip of tinsel), from secāre (to cut).

Pronunciation

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noun
verb

Noun

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segment (plural segments)

  1. A length of some object.
    a segment of rope
  2. One of the parts into which any body naturally separates or is divided; a part divided or cut off; a section; a portion.
    Synonyms: cleft, clove
    a segment of an orange; a segment of a compound or divided leaf
    • 2013 September-October, Henry Petroski, “The Evolution of Eyeglasses”, in American Scientist:
      The ability of a segment of a glass sphere to magnify whatever is placed before it was known around the year 1000, when the spherical segment was called a reading stone, [] . Scribes, illuminators, and scholars held such stones directly over manuscript pages as an aid in seeing what was being written, drawn, or read.
  3. (mathematics) A portion.
    1. A straight path between two points that is the shortest distance between them; a line segment.
    2. (geometry) The part of a circle between its circumference and a chord (usually other than the diameter).
    3. (geometry) The part of a sphere cut off by a plane.
    4. (topology) Any of the pieces that constitute an order tree.
  4. (sciences) A portion.
    1. (phonology) A discrete unit of speech: a consonant or a vowel.
    2. (botany) A portion of an organ whose cells are derived from a single cell within the primordium from which the organ developed.
      • 1992, Rudolf M[athias] Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, →ISBN, page 5:
        In Lejeuneaceae vegetative branches normally originate from the basiscopic basal portion of a lateral segment half, as in the Radulaceae, and the associated leaves, therefore, are quite unmodified.
    3. (zoology) One of several parts of an organism, with similar structure, arranged in a chain; such as a vertebra, or a third of an insect's thorax.
  5. (broadcasting) A part of a broadcast program, devoted to a topic.
    The news showed a segment on global warming.
  6. (computing) An Ethernet bus.
  7. (computing) A region of memory or a fragment of an executable file designated to contain a particular part of a program.
  8. (travel) A portion of an itinerary: it may be a flight or train between two cities, or a car or hotel booked in a particular city.

Synonyms

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Hyponyms

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Derived terms

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Translations

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Verb

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segment (third-person singular simple present segments, present participle segmenting, simple past and past participle segmented)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To divide into segments or sections.
    Segment the essay by topic.

Hyponyms

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Translations

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Further reading

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Catalan

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin segmentum.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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segment m (plural segments)

  1. segment

Derived terms

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Further reading

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Crimean Tatar

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Etymology

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Latin segmentum (cutting), from Proto-Indo-European *sek- (to cut)

Noun

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segment

  1. segment

Declension

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References

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  • Mirjejev, V. A., Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[1], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Dutch

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Etymology

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Borrowed from French segment, from Latin segmentum.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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segment n (plural segmenten, diminutive segmentje n)

  1. A segment.

Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Afrikaans: segment
  • West Frisian: segmint

French

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Etymology

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From Latin segmentum.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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segment m (plural segments)

  1. segment (all senses)

Descendants

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Further reading

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Norwegian Bokmål

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 segment (zoologi) on Norwegian Wikipedia
 sirkelsegment on Norwegian Wikipedia

Etymology

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From Latin segmentum.

Noun

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segment n (definite singular segmentet, indefinite plural segment or segmenter, definite plural segmenta or segmentene)

  1. a segment

References

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Norwegian Nynorsk

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 segment i matematikk on Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia
 fonologisk segment on Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia

Etymology

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From Latin segmentum.

Noun

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segment n (definite singular segmentet, indefinite plural segment, definite plural segmenta)

  1. a segment

References

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Romanian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from French segment, from Latin segmentum.

Noun

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segment n (plural segmente)

  1. segment

Declension

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Serbo-Croatian

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /sěɡment/
  • Hyphenation: seg‧ment

Noun

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sègment m (Cyrillic spelling сѐгмент)

  1. segment

Declension

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Slovak

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Etymology

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Derived from Latin segmentum (cutting), from Proto-Indo-European *sek- (to cut).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈseɡment/
  • Hyphenation: seg‧ment

Noun

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segment m inan (genitive singular segmentu, nominative plural segmenty, genitive plural segmentov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. segment

Declension

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Further reading

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  • segment”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024