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PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /pɪtʃ/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪtʃ

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English picche, piche, pich, from Old English piċ, from Proto-West Germanic *pik, from Latin pix. Cognate with Saterland Frisian Pik (pitch, tar), Dutch pek (pitch, tar), German Low German Pick (pitch, tar), German Pech (pitch, tar), and Spanish pegar (to stick, glue).

NounEdit

pitch (countable and uncountable, plural pitches)

  1. A sticky, gummy substance secreted by trees; sap.
    It is hard to get this pitch off my hand.
  2. A dark, extremely viscous material remaining in still after distilling crude oil and tar.
    They put pitch on the mast to protect it.
    The barrel was sealed with pitch.
    It was pitch black because there was no moon.
  3. (geology) Pitchstone.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Galician: piche
  • Portuguese: piche

See alsoEdit

VerbEdit

pitch (third-person singular simple present pitches, present participle pitching, simple past and past participle pitched)

  1. To cover or smear with pitch.
  2. To darken; to blacken; to obscure.
    • 1704 (published), year written unknown, John Dryden, On the Death of Amyntas
      Soon he found / The welkin pitch'd with sullen clouds.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English picchen, pycchen (to thrust in, fasten, settle), an assibilated variant of Middle English picken, pikken (to pick, pierce). More at pick.

NounEdit

pitch (plural pitches)

  1. A throw; a toss; a cast, as of something from the hand.
    a good pitch in quoits
  2. (baseball) The act of pitching a baseball.
    The pitch was low and inside.
  3. (sports, Britain, Australia, New Zealand) The field on which cricket, soccer, rugby, gridiron or field hockey is played. (In cricket, the pitch is in the centre of the field; see cricket pitch.) Not used in the US of America or Canada, where "field" is the preferred word.
    The teams met on the pitch.
  4. An effort to sell or promote something.
    He gave me a sales pitch.
  5. The distance between evenly spaced objects, e.g. the teeth of a saw or gear, the turns of a screw thread, the centres of holes, or letters in a monospace font.
    The pitch of pixels on the point scale is 72 pixels per inch.
    The pitch of this saw is perfect for that type of wood.
    A helical scan with a pitch of zero is equivalent to constant z-axis scanning.
  6. The angle at which an object sits.
    the pitch of the roof or haystack
  7. A level or degree, or (by extension), a peak or highest degree.
  8. The rotation angle about the transverse axis.
    1. (nautical, aviation) The degree to which a vehicle, especially a ship or aircraft, rotates on such an axis, tilting its bow or nose up or down. Compare with roll, yaw, and heave.
      the pitch of an aircraft
    2. (aviation) A measure of the angle of attack of a propeller.
      The propeller blades' pitch went to 90° as the engine was feathered.
  9. An area in a market (or similar) allocated to a particular trader.
  10. (by extension) The place where a busker performs, a prostitute solicits clients, or an illegal gambling game etc. is set up before the public.
    • 1975, Tom A. Cullen, The Prostitutes' Padre (page 94)
      Another reason is that the prostitute who makes her pitch at Marble Arch stands a chance of being picked up by an out-of-town business man stopping at one of the hotels in the vicinity, and of being treated to a steak dinner []
  11. An area on a campsite intended for occupation by a single tent, caravan or similar.
  12. A point or peak; the extreme point of elevation or depression.
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book 2”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: [] [Samuel Simmons], [], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, OCLC 230729554:
      Driven headlong from the pitch of heaven, down / Into this deep.
    • 2014, John Narborough, Abel Tasman, & John Wood, An Account of Several Late Voyages and Discoveries to the South and North, →ISBN:
      From the pitch of Cape-Fraward, to the pitch of Cape-Holland, the Streight lies in the Channel West and by North, nearest, and is distant full five Leagues;
  13. Prominence; importance.
  14. (climbing) A section of a climb or rock face; specifically, the climbing distance between belays or stances.
    • 1967, Anthony Greenbank, Instructions in Mountaineering (page 84)
      You lead "through" instead — your companion leads a pitch, then you join him. But instead of swapping over at the ice axe belay, you carry on in the lead, cutting or kicking steps until you are about twenty feet above.
  15. (caving) A vertical cave passage, only negotiable by using rope or ladders.
    The entrance pitch requires 30 metres of rope.
  16. (now Britain, regional) A person's or animal's height.
  17. (cricket) That point of the ground on which the ball pitches or lights when bowled.
  18. A descent; a fall; a thrusting down.
  19. The point where a declivity begins; hence, the declivity itself; a descending slope; the degree or rate of descent or slope; slant.
    a steep pitch in the road
    the pitch of a roof
  20. (mining) The limit of ground set to a miner who receives a share of the ore taken out.
HyponymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

pitch (third-person singular simple present pitches, present participle pitching, simple past and past participle pitched or (obsolete) pight)

  1. (transitive) To throw.
    He pitched the horseshoe.
  2. (transitive or intransitive, baseball) To throw (the ball) toward a batter at home plate.
    The hurler pitched a curveball.
    He pitched high and inside.
  3. (intransitive, baseball) To play baseball in the position of pitcher.
    Bob pitches today.
  4. (transitive) To throw away; discard.
    He pitched the candy wrapper.
  5. (transitive) To promote, advertise, or attempt to sell.
    He pitched the idea for months with no takers.
  6. (transitive) To deliver in a certain tone or style, or with a certain audience in mind.
    At which level should I pitch my presentation?
  7. (transitive) To assemble or erect (a tent).
    Pitch the tent over there.
  8. (intransitive) To fix or place a tent or temporary habitation; to encamp.
  9. (transitive, intransitive, aviation or nautical) To move so that the front of an aircraft or boat goes alternatively up and down.
    The typhoon pitched the deck of the ship.
    The airplane pitched.
  10. (transitive, golf) To play a short, high, lofty shot that lands with backspin.
    The only way to get on the green from here is to pitch the ball over the bunker.
  11. (intransitive, cricket) To bounce on the playing surface.
    The ball pitched well short of the batsman.
  12. (intransitive, Bristol, of snow) To settle and build up, without melting.
  13. (intransitive, archaic) To alight; to settle; to come to rest from flight.
    • 1707, J[ohn] Mortimer, The Whole Art of Husbandry; or, The Way of Managing and Improving of Land. [], 2nd edition, London: [] J[ohn] H[umphreys] for H[enry] Mortlock [], and J[onathan] Robinson [], published 1708, OCLC 13320837:
      the tree whereon they [the bees] pitch
  14. (with on or upon) To fix one's choice.
    • a. 1694, John Tillotson, The Precepts of Christianity not grievous
      Pitch upon the best course of life, and custom will render it the more easy.
    • 1891, Thomas Hardy, Tess of the d'Urbervilles, volume 1, London: James R. Osgood, McIlvaine and Co., page 53:
      "'Tis very unlucky that we didn't pitch on a sound one, when there were so many more of 'em!"
  15. (intransitive) To plunge or fall; especially, to fall forward; to decline or slope.
    to pitch from a precipice
    The field pitches toward the east.
  16. (transitive, of an embankment, roadway) To set, face, or pave with rubble or undressed stones.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
  17. (transitive, of a price, value) To set or fix.
  18. (transitive, card games, slang, of a card) To discard for some gain.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Unknown. Perhaps related to the above sense of level or degree, or influenced by it.

NounEdit

pitch (plural pitches)

  1. (music, phonetics) The perceived frequency of a sound or note.
    The pitch of middle "C" is familiar to many musicians.
  2. (music) In an a cappella group, the singer responsible for singing a note for the other members to tune themselves by.
    Bob, our pitch, let out a clear middle "C" and our conductor gave the signal to start.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

pitch (third-person singular simple present pitches, present participle pitching, simple past and past participle pitched)

  1. (intransitive) To produce a note of a given pitch.
  2. (transitive) To fix or set the tone of.
    • 1955, Rex Stout, "Die Like a Dog", in Three Witnesses, October 1994 Bantam edition, →ISBN, pages 196–197:
      His "hello" was enough to recognize his voice by. I pitched mine low so he wouldn't know it.
TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pitch m (plural pitchs)

  1. pitch (sales patter, inclination)

ItalianEdit

NounEdit

pitch m

  1. (cricket) cricket pitch