γλαυκός

See also: Γλαῦκος

Ancient GreekEdit

 
Grey olive leaves

EtymologyEdit

Uncertain origin. Barber reconstructs Proto-Indo-European *gleh₂w-ko-, noting that the root only appears in Greek (Homer, Aeschylus),[1] but Beekes finds an Indo-European origin unlikely.[2]

PronunciationEdit

 

AdjectiveEdit

γλαυκός (glaukósm (feminine γλαυκή, neuter γλαυκόν); first/second declension

  1. gleaming, bright
  2. blue-green or blue-gray
    • 406 BCE, Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus 700–701:
      Χορός   ... ὃ τᾷδε θάλλει μέγιστα χώρᾳ,
      γλαυκᾶς παιδοτρόφου φύλλον ἐλαίας
      Khorós   ... hò tâide thállei mégista khṓrāi,
      glaukâs paidotróphou phúllon elaías
      Chorus: [a plant] that flourishes greatly in this land,
      the leaf of the child-nourishing gray olive tree
  3. (of an eye color) light blue or gray

InflectionEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Latin: glaucus

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Barber, Sievers' Law and the History of Semivowel Syllabicity in Indo-European and Ancient Greek
  2. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 274-275

Further readingEdit