Ancient GreekEdit


With the original Proto-Indo-European form *ḱsendʰ-, akin to Latin cānus (white) from Proto-Italic *kaznos, Proto-Indo-European *ḱas- (white, blond, grey).



Mark the vowel length of the ambiguous vowel α by adding a macron after it if it is long, or a breve if it is short. By default, Module:grc-pronunciation assumes it is short if unmarked.


ξανθός (xanthósm (feminine ξανθή, neuter ξανθόν); first/second declension

  1. yellow (of various shades), golden
  2. fair, blond, flaxen, a golden-red fawn (of hair)
    ξάνθαι δ’ Ἐλέναι σ’ ἑίσ[κ]ην
    xánthai d’ Elénai s’ heís[k]ēn
    "To golden Helen I compare you" -Sappho, Fragment #23


Derived termsEdit


  • ξανθός in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ξανθός in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ξανθός in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «ξανθός» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • «ξανθός» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • ξανθός in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.



ξανθός (xanthósm (feminine ξανθή or ξανθιά, neuter ξανθό)

  1. blonde, blond, fair
    ξανθή μαλλιά, όπως το μέλι‎ ― xanthí malliá, ópos to méliblonde hair like honey
  2. golden
    ξανθό στάχυ‎ ― xanthó stáchygolden ear (of corn)


Derived termsEdit