Ancient GreekEdit


With the original Proto-Indo-European form *ḱsendʰ-, akin to Latin cānus (white) from Proto-Italic *kaznos, Proto-Indo-European *ḱas- (white, blond, grey).



Mark the vowel length of the ambiguous vowel α by adding a macron after it if it is long, or a breve if it is short. By default, Module:grc-pronunciation assumes it is short if unmarked.


ξανθός (xanthósm (feminine ξανθή, neuter ξανθόν); first/second declension

  1. yellow (of various shades), golden
  2. fair, blond, flaxen, a golden-red fawn (of hair)
    ξάνθαι δ’ Ἐλέναι σ’ ἑίσ[κ]ην
    xánthai d’ Elénai s’ heís[k]ēn
    "To golden Helen I compare you" -Sappho, Fragment #23


Derived termsEdit


  • ξανθός in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ξανθός in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ξανθός in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «ξανθός» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • «ξανθός» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • ξανθός in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.



ξανθός (xanthósm (feminine ξανθή or ξανθιά, neuter ξανθό)

  1. blonde, blond, fair
    ξανθή μαλλιά, όπως το μέλιxanthí malliá, ópos to méliblonde hair like honey
  2. golden
    ξανθό στάχυxanthó stáchygolden ear (of corn)


Derived termsEdit