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Ancient GreekEdit


With the original Proto-Indo-European form *ḱsendʰ- from root *ḱas- (white, blond, grey). Akin to Latin cānus (white), from Proto-Italic *kaznos.




ξᾰνθός (xanthósm (feminine ξᾰνθή, neuter ξᾰνθόν); first/second declension

  1. yellow (of various shades), golden
  2. fair, blond, flaxen, a golden-red fawn (of hair)
    • 630 BCE – 570 BCE, Sappho, Papyrus Fragments 23
      ξάνθαι δ’ Ἐλέναι σ’ ἐίσ[κ]ην
      οὖδεν ἄεικες
      xánthai d’ Elénai s’ eís[k]ēn
      oûden áeikes
      Comparing you to golden Helen
      is not at all inappropriate


Derived termsEdit


  • ξανθός in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ξανθός in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ξανθός in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • ξανθός in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • ξανθός in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • ξανθός in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.



ξανθός (xanthósm (feminine ξανθή or ξανθιά, neuter ξανθό)

  1. blonde, blond, fair
    ξανθή μαλλιά, όπως το μέλιxanthí malliá, ópos to méliblonde hair like honey
  2. golden
    ξανθό στάχυxanthó stáchygolden ear (of corn)


Derived termsEdit