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Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

With the original Proto-Indo-European form *ḱsendʰ- from root *ḱas- (white, blond, grey). Akin to Latin cānus (white), from Proto-Italic *kaznos.

PronunciationEdit

 

AdjectiveEdit

ξᾰνθός (xanthósm (feminine ξᾰνθή, neuter ξᾰνθόν); first/second declension

  1. yellow (of various shades), golden
  2. fair, blond, flaxen, tawny, a golden-red fawn (of hair)
    • 630 BCE – 570 BCE, Sappho, Papyrus Fragments 23:
      ξάνθαι δ’ Ἐλέναι σ’ ἐίσ[κ]ην
      οὖδεν ἄεικες
      xánthai d’ Elénai s’ eís[k]ēn
      oûden áeikes
      Comparing you to golden Helen
      is not at all inappropriate

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Colors in Ancient Greek · χρώματα (layout · text)
     λευκός (leukós)      πολιός (poliós), γλαυκός (glaukós), ἄργυρος (árguros)      μέλας (mélas)
             ἐρυθρός (eruthrós); κόκκος (kókkos), φοῖνιξ (phoînix), οἶνοψ (oînops)                           ξανθός (xanthós), χρυσός (khrusós), χλωρός (khlōrós)
             χλωρός (khlōrós)              χλωρός (khlōrós)             
             κυάνεος (kuáneos), γλαυκός (glaukós)                           κύανος (kúanos), οἶνοψ (oînops)
             οἶνοψ (oînops); οἶνοψ (oînops)              φοῖνιξ (phoînix)              ῥοδόεις (rhodóeis)

ReferencesEdit


GreekEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ξανθός (xanthósm (feminine ξανθή or ξανθιά, neuter ξανθό)

  1. blonde, blond, fair, flaxen, tawny
    ξανθή μαλλιά, όπως το μέλιxanthí malliá, ópos to méliblonde hair like honey
  2. golden
    ξανθό στάχυxanthó stáchygolden ear (of corn)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit