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Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From δαίομαι (daíomai, to divide) +‎ -μων (-mōn), from Proto-Indo-European *deh₂-i- (to divide, cut). For similar semantic development compare Old Persian 𐎲𐎥 (baga, god), Sanskrit भग (bhága, dispenser, patron) (usually applied to gods) beside Avestan 𐬠𐬀𐬔𐬀- (baga-, part) and Sanskrit भजति (bhájati, to divide, apportion).

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /daí̯.mɔːn/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈdɛ.mon/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈðɛ.mon/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈðe.mon/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈðe.mon/
  • NounEdit

    δαίμων (daímōnm, f (genitive δαίμονος); third declension

    1. god, goddess
      1. divine power, deity
      2. guardian spirit (Latin genius), and so one's fate, destiny, fortune
    2. departed soul
    3. (ecclesiastical) demon, evil spirit

    Usage notesEdit

    While δαίμων was sometimes used interchangeably with θεός (theós), when used together in a context, a δαίμων is usually a lower god than a θεός (theós).

    InflectionEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    ReferencesEdit