See also: génius and Genius

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Latin genius (inborn nature; a tutelary deity of a person or place; wit, brilliance), from gignō (to beget, produce), Old Latin genō, from the Proto-Indo-European root *ǵenh₁-. Doublet of genio. See also genus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

genius (plural geniuses or genii)

  1. Someone possessing extraordinary intelligence or skill; especially somebody who has demonstrated this by a creative or original work in science, music, art etc.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:genius
    Antonym: idiot
    Coordinate term: idiot savant
  2. Extraordinary mental capacity.
  3. Inspiration, a mental leap, an extraordinary creative process.
    a work of genius
    to add a dash of cinnamon amid such umami was pure genius
  4. (Roman mythology, also figuratively) The tutelary deity or spirit of a place or person.
    and the genius of the place: the growing enthusiasm for codified standards in the Army and Navy
    • 1646 (indicated as 1645), John Milton, “the unseen genius of the wood”, in Poems of Mr. John Milton, [], London: [] Ruth Raworth for Humphrey Mosely, [], OCLC 606951673:
    • 1715, Edward Burnett Tylor, Primitive Culture
      We talk of genius still, but with thought how changed! The genius of Augustus was a tutelary demon, to be sworn by and to receive offerings on an altar as a deity.
    • 1866, Frederick F. Wyman, From Calcutta to the Snowy Range (page 330)
      An old sinner, in shape of a khansamah, is the genius of the place, and has rarely aught else to tempt the tired traveller with than a “sudden death”—a fowl caught running in the yard, and dished up forthwith; []
    Synonyms: tutelary deity; see also Thesaurus:spirit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

genius (not comparable)

  1. (informal) Ingenious, brilliant, very clever, or original.
    What a genius idea!
    • 2012 May 20, Nathan Rabin, “TV: Review: THE SIMPSONS (CLASSIC): “Marge Gets A Job” (season 4, episode 7; originally aired 11/05/1992)”, in The Onion AV Club[1]:
      We all know how genius “Kamp Krusty,” “A Streetcar Named Marge,” “Homer The Heretic,” “Itchy & Scratchy: The Movie” and “Mr. Plow” are, but even the relatively unheralded episodes offer wall-to-wall laughs and some of the smartest, darkest, and weirdest gags ever Trojan-horsed into a network cartoon with a massive family audience.

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


IndonesianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Learned borrowing from Latin genius (inborn nature; a tutelary deity of a person or place; wit, brilliance), from gignō (to beget, produce), Old Latin genō, from the Proto-Indo-European root *ǵenh₁-. Doublet of enjin, insinyur, and zeni.

PronunciationEdit

  • (standard) IPA(key): [ɡeˈniʊs]
  • (common) IPA(key): [dʒeˈniʊs]
  • Hyphenation: gé‧ni‧us

AdjectiveEdit

genius

  1. genius: ingenious, brilliant, very clever, or original.

Affixed termsEdit

Further readingEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁- (to beget), perhaps through Old Latin genō (to beget, give birth; to produce, cause). Comparisons with Aramaic ܓܢܝܐ(ginnaya, tutelary deity), and with Arabic جِنّ(jinn, jinn, spirit, demon) and جَنِين(janīn, embryo, germ), suggest the effects of an older substrate word.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

genius m (genitive geniī or genī); second declension

  1. the deity or guardian spirit of a person, place, etc.; a daemon, a daimon (cf. Ancient Greek δαίμων (daímōn))
  2. an inborn nature or innate character, especially (though not exclusively) as endowed by a personal (especially tutelar) spirit or deity.
  3. (with respect to the enjoyment of life) the spirit of social enjoyment, fondness for good living, taste, appetite, inclinations
  4. (of the intellect) wit, talents, genius (rare)

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative genius geniī
Genitive geniī
genī1
geniōrum
Dative geniō geniīs
Accusative genium geniōs
Ablative geniō geniīs
Vocative genī geniī

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

QuotationsEdit

  This entry needs quotations to illustrate usage. If you come across any interesting, durably archived quotes then please add them!
  • Catullus[,] Tibullus and Pervigilium Veneris, 1921, page 328f. containing Albius Tibullus III, XI, 9f. = IV, V, 9f. with a translation into English by J. P. Postgate:
    magne Geni, cape tura libens votisque faveto,
    si modo, cum de me cogitat, ille calet.
    Great Genius, take this incense with a will, and smile upon my prayer, if only when he thinks on me his pulse beats high.

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • genius”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • genius”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • genius in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • genius in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • genius”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • genius”, in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • genius”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin genius. Doublet of geni.

NounEdit

genius m (definite singular geniusen, indefinite plural genier, definite plural geniene)

  1. genius

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin genius. Doublet of geni.

NounEdit

genius m (definite singular geniusen, indefinite plural geniusar, definite plural geniusane)

  1. genius

ReferencesEdit