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Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥-teh₂, from *ḱóm.[1] Cognate with Hittite 𒅗𒀜𒋫 (katta, down from, at, with, under) and perhaps Old Welsh cant (with).

PronunciationEdit

 

PrepositionEdit

κᾰτᾰ́ (katá) (governs the genitive and accusative)

  1. (+ genitive)
    1. downwards, down from
    2. into
    3. against
  2. (+ accusative)
    1. downwards
    2. along, through, in
    3. towards
    4. during
    5. for, for the purpose of
    6. according to, in conformity with

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Greek: κατά (katá)
  • Latin: cata (see there for further descendants)

Further readingEdit

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume II, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 612

GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the Ancient Greek κᾰτά (katá).

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

κατά (katá)

  1. (with genitive) versus, against
    Έγινε έγκλημα κατά της Ελλάδας!Égine égklima katá tis Elládas!Crimes were committed against Greece!
    Antonym: υπέρ (ypér)
  2. (with accusative) towards
    Το δωμάτιο βλέπει κατά την ανατολή.To domátio vlépei katá tin anatolí.The room faces towards the east
  3. (with accusative) during
    κατά τη διάρκεια του ταξιδιούkatá ti diárkeia tou taxidioúduring the trip
  4. (with accusative) around, about, close to
    Θα έρθω κατά τις έξι το απόγευμα.Tha értho katá tis éxi to apógevma.I will come at about six pm.
  5. (with accusative) according
    κατά τον Γιώργο ...katá ton Giórgo ...according to George ...

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit