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See also: κατα-, κατά-, and κᾷτα

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Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥-teh₂, from *ḱóm. Cognate with Hittite [script needed] (katta, down from, at, with, under) and perhaps Old Welsh cant (with).

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ka.tá/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /kaˈta/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /kaˈta/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /kaˈta/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /kaˈta/
  • PrepositionEdit

    κᾰτᾰ́ (katá) (governs the genitive and accusative)

    1. (+ genitive)
      1. downwards, down from
      2. into
      3. against
    2. (+ accusative)
      1. downwards
      2. along, through, in
      3. towards
      4. during
      5. for, for the purpose of
      6. according to, in conformity with

    DescendantsEdit

    • Greek: κατά (katá)
    • Latin: cata (see there for further descendants)

    Further readingEdit


    GreekEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From the Ancient Greek κᾰτά (katá).

    PronunciationEdit

    PrepositionEdit

    κατά (katá)

    1. (with genitive) versus, against
      Έγινε έγκλημα κατά της Ελλάδας!Égine égklima katá tis Elládas!Crimes were committed against Greece!
      Antonym: υπέρ (ypér)
    2. (with accusative) towards
      Το δωμάτιο βλέπει κατά την ανατολή.To domátio vlépei katá tin anatolí.The room faces towards the east
    3. (with accusative) during
      κατά τη διάρκεια του ταξιδιούkatá ti diárkeia tou taxidioúduring the trip
    4. (with accusative) around, about, close to
      Θα έρθω κατά τις έξι το απόγευμα.Tha értho katá tis éxi to apógevma.I will come at about six pm.
    5. (with accusative) according
      κατά τον Γιώργο ...katá ton Giórgo ...according to George ...

    SynonymsEdit

    Derived termsEdit