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Ancient GreekEdit


Usually connected with κράμβος (krámbos, dry; blight in grapes, when they shrivel)[1], assuming that the plant was named after its shrunken leaves, but this is rejected by Beekes, who leaves the origin open[2].


  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /krám.bɛː/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈ
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈ
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈ
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈ
  • NounEdit

    κρᾰ́μβη (krámbēf (genitive κρᾰ́μβης); first declension

    1. cabbage
      Synonym: ῥάφανος (rháphanos)

    Derived termsEdit



    1. ^ Boisacq, Émile (1916), “κράμβος”, in Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue grecque (in French), Heidelberg: Carl Winter, pages 507–508
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 769
    3. 3.0 3.1 Cabolov, R. L. (2001) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ kurdskovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Kurdish Language] (in Russian), volume I, Moscow: Russian Academy Press Vostochnaya Literatura, page 531
    4. ^ Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in German), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 162
    5. ^ Asatrian, Garnik S. (2011) A Comparative Vocabulary of Central Iranian Dialects[1] (in Persian and English), Tehran: Safir Ardehal Publications, page 221
    6. ^ Hübschmann, Heinrich (1895) Persische Studien [Persian Studies] (in German), Strasbourg: K.J. Trübner, page 256
    7. ^ Geiger, Wilhelm; Kuhn, Ernst, editors (1898–1901) Grundriß der iranischen Philologie [Outline of Iranian Philology] (in German), volume I, part II, Strassburg: K. J. Trübner, page 59
    8. 8.0 8.1 Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “կաղամբ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 493ab

    Further readingEdit



    From Ancient Greek κράμβη (krámbē, cabbage).


    κράμβη (krámvif (plural κράμβες)

    1. turnip
    2. (botany, horticulture) brassica, the cabbage family


    Coordinate termsEdit