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See also: Πόντος


Ancient GreekEdit


From Proto-Indo-European *pónteh₁s (path, road). Cognates include Sanskrit पथिन् (páthin), Old Armenian հուն (hun, riverbed), Latin pōns, and Old English findan (English find).




πόντος (póntosm (genitive πόντου); second declension

  1. the sea, usually the Mediterranean
    1. (often combined with epithets in Homer)
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 2.613:
        αὐτὸς γάρ σφιν δῶκεν ἄναξ ἀνδρῶν Ἀγαμέμνων
        νῆας ἐϋσσέλμους περάᾱν ἐπὶ οἴνοπα πόντον
        Ἀτρεΐδης, ἐπεὶ οὔ σφι θαλάσσια ἔργα μεμήλει.
        autòs gár sphin dôken ánax andrôn Agamémnōn
        nêas eüssélmous peráān epì oínopa pónton
        Atreḯdēs, epeì oú sphi thalássia érga memḗlei.
        For Agamemnon son of Atreus himself had given [the Arcadians]
        strong-benched ships for crossing the wine-dark sea,
        since they weren't interested in the work of the sea.
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 23.744:
        Φοίνῑκες δ' ἄγον ἄνδρες ἐπ' ἠεροειδέα πόντον,
        Phoínīkes d' ágon ándres ep' ēeroeidéa pónton,
        Phoenician men had brought [the mixing bowl] over the misty sea,
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 1.196–198:
        οὐ γάρ πω τέθνηκεν ἐπὶ χθονὶ δῖος Ὀδυσσεύς,
        ἀλλ' ἔτι που ζωὸς κατερῡ́κεται εὐρέϊ πόντῳ,
        νήσῳ̆ ἐν ἀμφιρύτῃ,
        ou gár pō téthnēken epì khthonì dîos Odusseús,
        all' éti pou zōòs katerū́ketai euréï póntōi,
        nḗsōi en amphirútēi,
        [Athena disguised as Mentes talking to Telemachus:]
        For noble Odysseus hasn't died yet on earth,
        but is probably still alive and being detained on the wide sea
        on a sea-girt isle,


See alsoEdit



Etymology 1Edit

From Venetian pont (point, end)


πόντος (póntosm (plural πόντοι)

  1. point (the unit of scoring in a game or competition)
  2. centimeter
  3. ladder (length of unravelled fabric in a knitted garment, especially in nylon stockings)

Etymology 2Edit

From Ancient Greek πόντος (póntos, see above).


πόντος (póntosm (plural πόντοι)

  1. open sea, large sea
Usage notesEdit

The more common terms:

  • ωκεανός m (okeanós, ocean) (e.g. Atlantic, Pacific)
  • θάλασσα f (thálassa, larger sea) (e.g. Mediterranean, Baltic, Caribbean)
  • πέλαγος m (pélagos, smaller sea) (e.g. Adriatic, Aegean, Ionian)
Derived termsEdit